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To 1500
1500-1650
1650-1800
1800-1820
1820-1830
1830-1840
1840-1850
1850-1860
1860-1870
1870-1880
1880-1890
1890-1900
1900-1917

Events of the West (to 1500)

   
28000 Earliest settlers cross the Bering land bridge into North America.
10000 Fluted-stone weapon points found at Clovis, New Mexico, are used to hunt large Ice Age mammals.
8000 The Bering land bridge is submerged as ocean levels rise at the end of the Ice Age.
4000 As Ice Age mammals become extinct, hunter-gatherer culture develops on the Plains.
100 B.C. Farming appears among the Mogollon peoples of the southwest. The availability of this stable food source leads to the development of permanent pit-house settlements.
100 A.D. Anasazi culture emerges in the southwest, marked by advanced basket-making, simple farming and construction of above-ground adobe dwellings.
500 Obsidian, copper, pearls and other materials found in Ohio Valley Hopewell burial mounds provide evidence of an extensive transcontinental trade network.
1000 Hopi and Acoma pueblosThe Hopi and Acoma pueblos are established in the southwest.
The Anasazi construct cliff-house communities and large apartment-like complexes of up to 1,000 rooms.
1300 The Anasazi abandon their great adobe cliff dwellings. Incursions by the newly-arrived Apache and Navajo, coupled with a prolonged drought, are suspected as the cause of their flight.
1490 At the close of the prehistoric period, the people of the West form approximately 240 distinct tribal groupings and speak an estimated 300 different languages.
1492 Christopher Columbus arrives in the Western hemisphere; centuries of cross-cultural exchange begin.

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