THE LIFE AND ADVENTURES
OF BUFFALO BILL
MY APPOINTMENT AS CHIEF OF SCOUTS
General Sheridan highly complimented me for what I had done and
informed me that I need not report back to General Hazen, as he had
more important work for me to do. He told me that the Fifth Cavalry
&emdash;one of the finest regiments in the army &emdash;was on its
way to the Depart ment of the Missouri, and that he was going to send
it on an expedition against the Dog Soldier Indians, who were
infesting the Republican river region.
"Cody," continued he, "I have decided to appoint you as guide and
chief of Scouts with the command. How does that suit you?"
"First-rate, General, and I thank you for the honor," I replied,
as gracefully as I knew how.
The Dog Soldier Indians were a band of Cheyennes and unruly,
turbulent members of other tribes, who would not enter into any
treaty, or keep a treaty if they made one, and who had always refused
to go upon a reservation. They were a warlike body of well built,
daring and restless braves, and were determined to hold possession of
the country in the vicinity of the Republican and Solomon rivers.
They were called "Dog Soldiers" because they were principally
Cheyennes &emdash;a name derived from the French chien, a dog.
On the third day of October the Fifth cavalry arrived at Fort
Hays, and I at onoe began making the acquaintance of the different
offers of the regiment. I was introduced by General Sheridan to
Colonel William Royal, who was in command of the regiment. He was a
gallant officer and an agreeable and pleasant gentleman. He was
afterwards stationed at Omaha as InspectorGeneral in the Department
of the Platte. I also became acquainted with Major W. H. Brown, Major
Walker, Captain Sweetman, Quartermaster E. M. Hays, and in fact all
the officers of the regiment.
General Sheridan, being anxious to punish the Indians who had
lately fought General Forsyth, did not give the regiment much of a
rest, and accordingly on the 5th of October it began its march for
the Beaver creek country. The first night we camped on the south fork
of Big creek, four miles west of Hays City. By this time I had become
pretty well acquainted with Major Brown and Captain Sweetman, who
invited me to mess with them on this expedition, and a jolly mess we
had. There were other scouts in the command besides myself and I
particularly remember Tom Renahan, Hank Fields and a character called
"Nosey" on account of his long nose.
On the morning of the 6th we pulled out to the north, and during
the day I was very favorably struck with the appearance of the
regiments It was a beautiful command and when strung out on the
prairie with a train of seventy-five six-mule wagons, ambulances and
pack-mules, I felt very proud of my position as guide and chief of
scouts of such a warlike expedition.
Just as we were about to go into camp on the Saline river that
night, we ran on to a band of about fifteen Indians, who, seeing us,
dashed across the creek, followed by some bullets which we sent after
them; but as the small band proved to be a scouting party, we pursued
them only a mile or two, when our attention was directed to a herd of
buffaloes, which we immediately pursued and killed ten or fifteen for
The next day we marched thirty miles, and late in the after noon
we went into camp on the South fork of the Solomon. At this
encampment Colonel Royal asked me to go out and kill some buffaloes
for the boys.
"All right, Colonel, send along a wagon or two to bring in the
meat," I said.
"I am not in the habit of sending out my wagons until I know that
there is something to be hauled in; kill your buffaloes first and
then I'll send out the wagons," was the Colonel's reply. I said no
more, but went out on a hunt, and after a short absence returned and
asked the Colonel to send his wagons over the hill for the half dozen
buffaloes I had killed.
BRINGING LIVE BUFFALOES INTO CAMP
The following afternoon he again requested me to go out and get some
fresh buffalo meat. I didn't ask him for any wagons this time, but
rode out some distance, and coming up with a small herd, I managed to
get seven of them headed straight for the encampment, and instead of
shooting them just then, I ran them at full speed right into the
camp, and then killed them all, one after the other in rapid
succession. Colonel Royal witnessed the whole proceeding, which
puzzled him somewhat, as he could see no reason why I had not killed
them on the prairie. He came up rather angrily, and demanded an
explanation. "I can't allow any such business as this, Cody," said
he, "what do you mean by it?"
"I didn't care about asking for any wagons this time, Colonel; so
I thought I would make the buffaloes furnish their own
transportation" was my reply. The Colonel saw the point in a moment,
and had no more to say on the subject.
No Indians had been seen in the vicinity during the day and
Colonel Royal having carefully posted his pickets, supposed
everything was serene for the night. But before morning we were
aroused from our slumbers by hearing shots fired, and immediately
afterwards one of the mounted pickets came galloping into camp,
saying that there were Indians close at hand. The companies all fell
into line, and were soon prepared and anxious to give the redskins
battle; but as the men were yet new in the Indian country a great
many of them were considerably excited. No Indians, however, made
their appearance, and upon going to the picket-post where the picket
said he seen them none could be found, nor could any traces of them
be discovered The sentinel, &emdash;who was an Irishman,
&emdash;insisted that there certainly had been red-skins there.
A SCARED IRISHMAN
"But you must be mistaken," said Colonel Royal.
"Upon me sowl, Colonel, I'm not; as shure ez me name's Pat
Maloney, one of thim rid divils hit me on the head wid a club, so he
did," said Pat; and so, when morning came, the mystery was further
investigated and was easily solved. Elk tracks were found in the
vicinity and it was undoubtedly a herd of elks that had frightened
Pat; as he had turned to run, he had gone under a limb of a tree,
against which he hit his head, and supposed he had been struck by a
club in the hands of an Indian. It was hard to convince Pat however,
of the truth.
A three days' uninteresting march brought us to Beaver creek where
we camped and from which point scouting parties were sent out in
different directions. Neither of these, however, discovering Indians
they all returned to camp about the same time, finding it in a state
of great excitement, it having been attacked a few hours previous by
a party of Indians, who had succeeded in killing two men and in
making off with sixty horses belonging to Co. H.
That evening the command started on the trail of these Indian
horse-thieves; Major Brown with two companies and three days rations
pushing ahead in advance of the main command. Being unsuccessful,
however, in overtaking the Indians, and getting nearly out of
provisions &emdash;it being our eighteenth day out &emdash;the entire
command marched towards the nearest railroad point, and camped on the
Saline river, distant three miles from Buffalo Tank. While waiting
for supplies we received a new commanding Officer, Brevet
Major-General E. A. Carr, who was the senior major of the regiment,
and who ranked Colonel Royal. He brought with him the now celebrated
Forsyth scouts, who were commanded by Lieutenant Pepoon, a
It was also while waiting in this camp that Major Brown received a
new lieutenant to fill a vacancy in his company. On the day that this
officer was to arrive, Major Brown had his private ambulance brought
out, and invited me to accompany him to the railroad station to meet
his lieutenant, whose name was A. B. Bache. He proved to be a fine
gentleman, and a brave, dashing officer. On the way to the depot
Major Brown had said, "Now, Cody, when we come back we'll give Bache
a lively ride and shake him up a little."
A LIVELY SHAKING UP
Major Brown was a jolly good fellow, but sometimes he would get "a
little off," and as this was one of his "off days" he was bound to
amuse himself in some original and mischievous way. Reaching the
depot just as the train came in, we easily found the Lieutenant, and
giving him the back seat in the ambulance we were soon headed for
Pretty soon Major Brown took the reins from his driver, and at
once began whipping the mules. After getting them into a lively
gallop he pulled out his revolver and fired several shots. The road
was terribly rough and the night was so dark that we could hardly see
where we were going. It was a wonderful piece of luck that we were
not tipped over and our necks broken. Finally Bache said,
"Is this the way you break in all your Lieutenants, Major?"
"Oh, no; I don't do this as a regular thing, but it's the way we
frequently ride in this country," said the Major; "just keep your
seat, Mr. Bache, and we'll take you through on time." The Major
appropriated the reply of the old California stage driver, Hank Monk,
to Horace Greely.
We were now rattling down a steep hill at full speed, and just as
we reached the bottom, the front wheels struck a deep ditch over
which the mules had jumped. We were all brought up standing by the
sudden stoppage of the ambulance. Major Brown and myself were nearly
pitched out on the wheels, while the Lieutenant came flying headlong
from the back seat to the front of the vehicle.
"Take a back seat, Lieutenant," coolly said Major Brown.
"Major, I have just left that seat," said Bache.
We soon lifted the wagon out of the ditch, and then resumed our
drive, running into camp under full headway, and creating
considerable amusement. Everyone recognized the ambulance and knew at
once that Major Brown and I were out on a "lark," and therefore there
was not much said about our exploit. Halting with a grand flourish in
front of his tent, Major Brown jumped out in his most gallant style
and politely asked his lieutenant in. A very pleasant evening was
spent there, quite a number of the officers calling to make the
acquaintance of the new officer, who entertained the visitors with an
amusing account of the ride from the depot.
Next morning at an early hour, the command started out on a hunt
for Indians. General Carr having a pretty good idea where he would be
most likely to find them, directed me to guide him by the nearest
route to Elephant Rock on Beaver creek.
IN SEARCH OF INDIANS
Upon arriving at the south fork of the Beaver on the second day's
march, we discovered a large, fresh Indian trail which we hurriedly
followed for a distance of eight miles, when suddenly we saw on the
bluffs ahead of us, quite a large number of Indians.
General Carr ordered Lieutenant Pepoon's scouts and Company M to
the front. This company was commanded by Lieutenant Schinosky, a
Frenchman by birth and a reckless daredevil by nature, who was
anxious to have a hair-lifting match. Having advanced his company
nearly a mile ahead of the main command, about four hundred Indians
suddenly charged down upon him and gave him a lively little fight,
until he was supported by our full force.
The Indians kept increasing in numbers all the while until it was
estimated that we were fighting from eight hundred to one thousand of
them. The engagement became quite general, and several were killed
and wounded on each side. The Indians were evidently fighting to give
their families and village a chance to get away. We had undoubtedly
surprised them with a larger force than they had expected to see in
that part of the country. We fought them until dark, all the time
driving them before us. At night they annoyed us considerably by
firing down into our camp from the higher hills, and several times
the command was ordered out to dislodge them from their position and
drive them back.
After having returned from one of these little sallies, Major
Brown, Captain Sweetman, Lieutenant Bache and myself were taking
supper together, when "whang!" came a bullet into Lieutenant Bache's
plate, breaking a hole through it. The bullet came from the gun of
one of the Indians, who had returned to the high bluff overlooking
our camp. Major Brown declared it was a crack shot, because it broke
the plate. We finished our supper without having any more such close
At daylight next morning we struck out on the trail, and soon came
to the spot where the Indians had camped the day before. We could see
that their village was a very large one, consisting of about five
hundred lodges; and we pushed forward rapidly from this point on the
trail which ran back toward Prairie Dog creek.
About two o'clock we came in sight of the retreating village, and
soon the warriors turned back to give us battle. They set fire to the
prairie grass in front of us, and on all sides, in order to delay us
as much as possible. We kept up a running fight for the remainder of
the afternoon, and the Indians repeatedly attempted to lead us off
the track of their flying village, but their trail was easily
followed, as they were continually dropping tepee poles, camp
kettles, robes, furs and all heavy articles belonging to them. They
were evidently scattering, and it finally became difficult for us to
keep on the main trail. When darkness set in, we went into camp, it
being useless to try to follow the Indians after nightfall.
Next morning we were again on the trail, which led north and back
towards Beaver creek, which stream it crossed within a few miles of
the spot where we had first discovered the Indians, they having made
nearly a complete circle, in hopes of misleading us. Late in the
afternoon, we again saw them going over a hill far ahead of us, and
towards evening the main body of warriors came back and fought us
once more; but we continued to drive them until darkness set in, when
we camped for the night.
The Indians soon scattered in every direction, but we followed the
main trail to the Republican river, where we made a cut-off, and then
went north towards the Platte river. We found, however, that the
Indians by traveling night and day had got a long start, and the
General concluded that it was useless to follow them any further, as
we had pushed them so hard, and given them such a scare that they
would leave the Repubiiean country and go north across the Union
Pacific railroad. Most of the Indians, as he had predicted, did cross
the Platte river, near Ogalalla, on the Union Pacific, and thence
That night we returned to the Republican river and camped in a
grove of cottonwoods, which I named Carr's Grove, in honor of the
OUT IN A DRY COUNTRY
The General told me that the next day's march would be towards the
head-waters of the Beaver, and he asked me the distance. I replied
that it was about twenty-five miles, and he said he would make it the
next day. Getting an early start in the morning, we struck out across
the prairie, my position as guide being ahead of the advance guard.
About two o'clock General Carr overtook me, and asked how far I
supposed it was to water. I thought it was about eight miles,
although we could see no sign or indication of any stream in our
"Pepoon's scouts say you are going in the wrong direction," said
the General, "and in the way you are bearing it will be fifteen miles
before you can strike any of the branches of the Beaver; and that
when you do, you will find no water, for the Beavers are dry at this
time of the year at that point."
"General, I think the scouts are mistaken," said I, "for the
Beaver has more water near its head than it has below; and at the
place where we will strike the stream we will find immense beaver
dams, large enough and strong enough to cross the whole command, if
"Well, Cody, go ahead," said he, "I'll leave it to you, but
remember that I don' t want a dry camp."
"No danger of that," said I, and then I rode on, leaving him to
return to the command. As I had predicted, we found water seven or
eight miles further on, where we came upon a beautiful little stream
&emdash;a tributary of the Beaver &emdash;hidden in the hills. We had
no difficulty in selecting a good halting place, and obtaining fresh
spring water and excellent grass. The General, upon learning from me
that the stream &emdash;which was only eight or nine miles long
&emdash;had no name, took out his map and located őt and named it
Cody's creek, which name it still bears.
SURPRISED BY INDIANS
We pulled out early next morning for the Beaver, and when we were
approaching the stream I rode on ahead of the advance guard, in order
to find a crossing. Just as I turned a bend of the creek "bang!" went
a shot, and down went my horse &emdash;myself with him. I
disentangled myself, and jumped behind the dead body. Looking in the
direction whence the shot had come I saw two Indians, and at once
turned my gun loose on them, but in the excitement of the moment I
missed my aim. They fired two or three more shots, and I returned the
compliment, wounding one of their horses.
On the opposite side of the creek, going over the hill, I observed
a few lodges moving rapidly away, and also some mounted warriors, who
could see me, and who kept blazing away with their guns. The two
Indians who had fired at me and had killed my horse were retreating
across the creek on a beaver-dam. I sent a few shots after them to
accelerate their speed, and also fired at the ones on the other side
of the stream. I was undecided as to whether it was best to run back
to the command on foot or hold my position. I knew that within a few
minutes the troops would come up, and I therefore decided to hold my
position. The Indians, seeing that I was alone, turned and charged
down the hill, and were about to re-cross the creek to corral me,
when the advance guard of the command put in an appearance on the
ridge, and dashed forward to my rescue. The red-skins whirled and
When General Carr came up, he ordered Company I to go in pursuit
of the band. I accompanied Lieutenant Brady, who commanded, and we
had a running fight with the Indians, lasting several hours. We
captured several head of their horses and most of their lodges. At
night we returned to the command, which by this time had crossed the
creek on the beaver-dam.
We scouted for several days along the river, and had two or three
lively skirmishes. Finally our supplies began to run low, and General
Carr gave orders to return to Fort Wallace, which we reached three
days afterwards, and where we remained several days . While the
regiment was waiting here for orders, I spent most of the time in
hunting buffaloes, and one day, while I was out with a small party,
we were "jumped" by about fifty Indians. We had a severe fight for at
least an hour, when we succeeded in driving the enemy. They lost four
of their warriors, and probably concluded that we were a hard crowd.
I had some excellent marksmen with me, and they did some fine work,
sending the bullets thick and fast where they would do the most good.
Two or three of our horses had been hit, and one man had been
wounded; we were ready and willing to stay with the red-skins as long
as they wished &emdash;but they finally gave it up, however, as a bad
job, and rode off. We finished our hunt, and went back to the post
loaded down with buffalo meat, and received the compliment of the
General for our little fight.
Autobiography of Buffalo Bill Continued