Plan of Fort Gadsden
|Resource Bank Contents|
click image for close-up
This 1818 document shows plans for building Fort Gadsden on the site along Florida's Apalachicola River that contained the ruins of Negro Fort.
The ruined fort was built by the British during the War of 1812 and left to their black allies when they departed in 1815. It became a stronghold for several hundred fugitive slaves, with hundreds more living nearby, as well as a few Seminoles and Choctaws who had resisted Indian removal.
In 1816, Negro Fort was completely destroyed in an attack by United States military forces.
Image Credit: The National Archives
Florida's Negro Fort
Part 3: Narrative | Resource Bank Contents | Teacher's Guide
Africans in America: Home | Resource Bank Index | Search | Shop
WGBH | PBS Online | ©