Cherokee letter protesting the Treaty of New Echota
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The Cherokee nation was one of the "Five Civilized Tribes" in the southeast, and Andrew Jackson planned their removal along with all other tribes existing east of the Mississippi River.
Chief John Ross and other leaders of the Cherokee nation wrote a letter to Congress to protest the 1835 Treaty of New Echota. This treaty, signed by a group of Cherokees claiming to represent their people, stated that the tribe would relocate west of the Mississippi. The majority of Cherokees, over 15,000, opposed the treaty. In this letter, Chief Ross and the others state the case for the Cherokee majority.
Andrew Jackson's Second Annual Message
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