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General Resources Teacher's Guide Contents

In addition to the materials recommended for each program unit, the following books, Web sites, films, and organizations provide additional historical background. See also Eric Foner's resource list.


For Teachers

Aptheker, Herbert, ed. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. Vol. 1. New York: The Citadel Press, 1951. Hundreds of primary source documents from 1661-1910.

Carnes, Mark C., ed. Past Imperfect: History According to the Movies. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1995. Sixty historians look at how Hollywood has depicted history.

Franklin, John Hope, and Alfred A. Moss, Jr. From Slavery to Freedom: A History of African Americans, 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1994. An in-depth history of African Americans.

Fredrickson, George M. The Black Image in the White Mind: The Debate on Afro-American Character and Destiny, 1817-1914. Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1971. An exploration of the development of notions of race.

Gates, Jr., Henry Louis, and Nellie McKay, eds. The Norton Anthology of African American Literature. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1997. A literary anthology which includes the works of many historical figures.

Ham, Debra, ed. The African-American Mosaic: A Library of Congress Resource Guide for the Study of Black History and Culture. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1993. A survey of the Library of Congress holdings in the history and culture of black Americans.

Harding, Vincent. There Is a River: The Black Struggle for Freedom in America. Rev. ed. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1991. An examination of African Americans from captivity to the Civil War.

Hine, Darlene Clark, Elsa Barkley Brown, and Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, eds. Black Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1994. A comprehensive biographical reference book.

Horton, James Oliver, and Lois E. Horton. In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community and Protest Among Northern Free Blacks, 1700-1860. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. A detailed study of race, class, culture, politics, and identity.

Huggins, Nathan Irvin. Black Odyssey: The African-American Ordeal in Slavery. New York: Vintage Books, 1990. The black experience from enslavement to emancipation.

Ignatiev, Noel. How the Irish Became White. New York: Routledge, 1995. The tattered history of Irish and African American relations.

Katz, William Loren. Eyewitness: A Living Documentary of the African American Contribution to American History. Rev. ed. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995. Eyewitness accounts and historical background.

Litwack, Leon. North of Slavery: The Negro in Free States 1790-1860. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1961. The issues facing free blacks in the years before the Civil War.

Loewen, James. Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong. New York: Touchstone, 1995. An exploration of myths and misinformation about American history.

Meltzer, Milton. Nonfiction for the Classroom: Milton Meltzer on Writing, History, and Social Responsibility. New York: Teachers College Press, 1994. The importance of critical thinking in reading and writing nonfiction, and in the teaching and learning of history.

Mullane, Deirdre, ed. Crossing the Danger Water: Three Hundred Years of African American Writing. New York: Anchor Books, 1993. A literary anthology which provides extensive primary source documents and historical context.

Nash, Gary B. Race and Revolution. Madison, WI: Madison House Publishers, 1990. A series of essays on race and abolition in colonial America, with primary sources.

Newman, Richard, and Marcia Sawyer. Everybody Say Freedom: Everything You Need to Know about African-American History. New York: Penguin, 1996. Detailed information in a question-and-answer format which also will appeal to students.

Rae, Noel, ed. Witnessing America: The Library of Congress Firsthand Accounts of Life in America 1600-1900. New York: The Stonesong Press, 1996. A compilation of diaries, letters, memories, articles, advertisements, etc. from the lives of ordinary men and women.

Roediger, David R. The Wages of Whiteness: Race and the Making of the American Working Class. New York: Verso, 1991. An account of the origins of ideas about race and racism among the working class.

Rose, Willie Lee, ed. A Documentary History of Slavery in North America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Now out of print but available in libraries, this features many primary source documents.

Tise, Larry E. Proslavery: A History of the Defense of Slavery in America, 1701-1840. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1987. A study of the myths and realities of proslavery arguments.

For Students

Hine, Darlene Clark, and Clayborn Carson, consulting eds. Milestones in Black American History series. New York: Chelsea House Publishers. Each of the 16 volumes features primary sources and scholarship. Titles include the following:

  • The Birth of Black America
  • Braving the New World 1619-1784
  • The Gathering Storm 1787-1829
  • Days of Sorrow, Years of Glory 1831-1850
  • Toward the Promised Land 1851-1861
Hoobler, Dorothy and Thomas. The African American Family Album. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. A pictorial and written record of the African American experience.

Katz, William Loren. Breaking the Chains: African American Slave Resistance. New York: Atheneum, 1990. A history of slave revolt, resistance, and rebellion.

Meltzer, Milton. The Black Americans: A History in Their Own Words 1619-1983. Rev. ed. New York: HarperCollins, 1987. A collection of primary sources with brief introductions.

Meltzer, Milton. Milestones to American Liberty: The Foundations of the Republic. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1965. These important primary source documents helped to shape America.

Myers, Walter Dean. Now Is Your Time! The African-American Struggle for Freedom. New York: HarperCollins, 1991. An historical overview for younger readers.

Sullivan, Charles, ed. Children of Promise: African American Literature and Art for Young People. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 1991. This anthology includes literature and art of the African American experience.

Young Oxford History of African Americans series. New York: Oxford University Press. This eleven-volume series uses primary sources, stories, and scholarship. Titles include the following:

  • The First Passage: Blacks in the Americas, 1502-1617
  • Strange New Land: Blacks in Colonial America, 1516-1776
  • Revolutionary Citizens: African Americans, 1776-1804
  • Let My People Go: African Americans, 1804-1860

Web Sites

The African-American Mosaic
A comprehensive site that highlights the extensive African American collections held by the Library of Congress.

African American Perspectives
Audio clips, samples of text, and historical facts relating to pamphlets written by African American authors between 1818-1907.

Africans in America
The companion site to the series, offering hundreds of primary source documents, scholarly essays, and stories from the series.

American Memory
An array of historical collections and primary source and archival history related to American culture and history, from the Library of Congress.

American Slave Narratives
Narratives of former slaves (documented from 1936-1938) of the 19th century.

Archiving Early America
Access material from 18th century America, including original newspapers, maps, and writings, as well as Early American Review, a historical journal.

Excerpts from Slave Narratives
Compiled by the University of Houston, this contains over 40 slave narratives from the 17th-20th century.

Historical Text Archive
A list of links from which you can access electronic texts, maps, photos, and documents.

Schomburg Center for Research on Black Culture
Access primary sources, manuscripts, photographs, music, and other documents about African American history and culture.

The United States Constitution
This site offers The Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and a way to navigate through the U.S. Constitution.

(more resources)

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