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A Science Odyssey Radio Transmission

Text Version of Radio Transmission Activity

Graphic shows the path of a sound transmitted by radio. A wave from a voice passes through various electronic devices and eventually comes out of a radio speaker. A slider control in the interactive version allows you to raise the pitch of the sound (whic

The Amazing Journey of a Sound Wave via AM Radio

  1. Microphone
    Sound vibrations leave the singer's mouth. The higher the pitch of the sound, the higher the frequency, or number of vibrations in a given amount of time. The sound enters the microphone, where it is converted into a weak electrical signal.

  2. Amplifier
    The weak signal from the microphone is amplified. Notice how the incoming signal is flatter than the outgoing signal. This additional height, or amplitude, indicates that the signal has more power. Notice, too, that the frequency of the incoming and outgoing signals are the same.

  3. Carrier Wave Generator
    The Wave Generator creates a high-frequency radio signal. The frequency of this signal is many times greater than the frequency of the audio wave. This signal will "carry" the audio signal over the air.

  4. Modulator
    The carrier signal amplitude (height) is altered, or modulated, to reflect changes in the audio signal's amplitude. Notice how a copy of the audio wave is visible on the upper and lower halves of the carrier wave.

  5. Transmitting Antenna
    The radio signal travels to the antenna. The signal creates a corresponding electromagnetic field -- a radio wave. This radio wave moves outward in all directions. To learn how the electromagnetic field is created, go to How is a Radio Wave Emitted?

  6. Receiving Antenna
    An antenna picks up the the radio wave. If the antenna is far from the transmitter, the signal is very weak.

  7. Amplifier
    The weak signal is amplified.

  8. Demodulator
    The radio signal is cut in half. Since both halves of the signal hold the same audio information, only half of the signal is needed.

  9. Filter
    The signal is fed through a filter. This removes the carrier wave from the signal. What remains is the audio signal.

  10. Speaker
    The audio signal causes the radio speaker's diaphragm to vibrate, which creates sound waves. A sound wave equivalent to the singer's voice radiates from the speaker.


The Early Years of Radio

How is a Radio Wave Emitted?

FM vs AM: What's the Difference?

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