In January 1973, Macaulay was off to France to work on Cathedral, which was published the following fall. He then constructed a colonial Roman town in City (1974); erected monuments to the Pharaohs in Pyramid (1975); dissected the maze of subterranean systems essential to every major city in Underground (1976); built a medieval fortress in Castle (1977); and dismantled the Empire State Building in Unbuilding (1980).
His other works include Great Moments in Architecture (1978), a catalogue of imaginary architectural fiascoes; Motel of the Mysteries (1979), a future archaeologist's examination of a present-day Holiday Inn; and Mill (1983), a chronicle of the growth of a New England mill town. In Baaa (1985), sheep are left at the world's helm after mankind has gone, and an age-old riddle is answered at last in Why the Chicken Crossed the Road (1987).
Macaulay is probably best known for The Way Things Work (1988), an exhaustively researched compendium of the hows and whys of almost anything that functions. It was followed by Black and White (1990), a considerably slimmer volume and winner of the 1991 Caldecott Medal. In 1993, he published Ship, and in 1995 came Shortcut -- which it was not. A pigeon-led tour of the Eternal City called Rome Antics took wing in 1997, and in the fall of 1998, The New Way Things Work, a revised edition of the 1988 book, lumbered onto the stands. In September 1999, a 25th anniversary edition of Cathedral titled Building the Book Cathedral was published . . . during the original's 26th year.
Between books, Macaulay manages to keep busy teaching, lecturing, and doing various odds and ends. Recent projects include a themed attraction for SONY Retail based on The Way Things Work, and the five-part PBS series, BUILDING BIG, premiering nationally in October 2000. Macaulay's companion book to the series is timed to coincide with the broadcast premiere.
In 1997, after years of contemplation, Macaulay became an American citizen. He lives and works in Rhode Island.
Klein has written and produced a variety of nationally broadcast programs for WGBH Boston, including the NOVA presentations "Mind of a Serial Killer," "What's Killing the Children?" and "War Machines of Tomorrow." He also produced individual programs for two WGBH miniseries: A Natural History of the Senses and A Science Odyssey.
Currently series executive producer of BUILDING BIG -- and producer of the series' opening film, "Bridges" -- Klein is also director of two independent production companies, Production Group, Inc. and Unicorn Projects.
Klein makes his home in Washington, D.C.
Paula S. Apsell
From 1983 to 1984, Apsell studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology as a Vannevar Bush Fellow in the Public Understanding of Science, now called the Knight Fellowship. In 1984, she returned to WGBH to become executive producer of NOVA and director of the WGBH Science Unit. During her tenure, Apsell has guided NOVA from the era of limited channel choices to today's hypercompetitive world of megachannels and the Internet. While strengthening NOVA's reputation, she has diversified into other media -- including large-format film, books, educational kits, and the World Wide Web, where the NOVA site and its NOVA/PBS Online Adventures consistently draw the attention of millions of Web users and accolades from the press. Apsell has also supervised the production of NOVA specials, such as "In Search of Human Origins," "Odyssey of Life," and "Secrets of Lost Empires," as well as such NOVA Science Unit productions as The Secret of Life, A Science Odyssey with Charles Osgood, BUILDING BIG with David Macaulay, and a currently-in-production series about evolution. As executive producer of NOVAMAX, the large-format film unit of NOVA, she oversaw the production of "To the Limit," "Stormchasers," "Special Effects," and "Island of the Sharks."
NOVA, NOVAMAX, and Science Unit films have won numerous major awards and honors, including an Academy Award nomination in 1996 for "Special Effects" and the National Science Foundation's first-ever Public Service Award, conferred upon NOVA in 1998.
In 1994, Apsell was awarded the Bradford Washburn Award from the Museum of Science, Boston, for her "outstanding contribution toward public understanding and appreciation of science, and the vital role it plays in our lives." Previous Washburn Award winners include Jacques Cousteau and Walter Cronkite. In 1996, the Council of Scientific Society Presidents awarded its prestigious Carl Sagan Award to NOVA and Apsell for increasing the public understanding of science. Most recently, the American Institute of Physics presented their 1999 Andrew Gemant Award to Apsell for "her leadership in bringing top-notch, in-depth science programming to a weekly audience of several million viewers." She is on the Board of Directors for the Earthwatch Institute, the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History, and the Hebrew College in Brookline, Massachusetts.
Apsell lives with her husband and two daughters in Newton, Massachusetts.