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BUILDING BIG
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The Educators Guide
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National Content Standards  

BUILDING BIG and the activities in this guide address the following national content standards for science, math, and technology: 
National Science Education Standards
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTIM) Standards
International Technology Education Association Technology Content Standards 

National Science Education Standards
Grades 5-8 
Content Standard A: Science As Inquiry
Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
• Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigations.
• Design and conduct a scientific investigation.
• Use appropriate tools and techniques to gather, analyze, and interpret data.
• Develop descriptions, explanations, predictions, and models using evidence.
• Think critically and logically to make the relationships between evidence and explanations.
• Recognize and analyze alternative explanations and predictions.
• Communicate scientific procedures and explanations.
• Use mathematics in all aspects of scientific inquiry. 
Understandings about scientific inquiry  
Content Standard B: Physical Science
• Motions and Forces 
Content Standard E: Science and Technology
Abilities of technological design
• Identify appropriate problems for technological design.
• Design a solution or product.
• Implement a proposed design.
• Evaluate completed technological designs or products.
• Communicate the process of technological design. 
Understandings about technological design  
Content Standard F: Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
• Natural Hazards
• Risks and Benefits
• Science and Technology in Society  
Content Standard G: History and Nature of Science
• Science As a Human Endeavor
• History of Science  
From National Science Education Standards. Copyright ©1996 by the National Academy of Sciences.
Available from the National Academy Press, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Lockbox 285, Washington, D.C. 20055.
 
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National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards
Expectations for Grades 6-8 
Geometry
• Recognize and apply geometric ideas and relationships in areas outside the mathematics classroom, such as art, science, and everyday life  
Measurement
• Select and use appropriate units and tools, depending on degree of accuracy required, to find measurements for real-world problems 
Problem-solving
• Solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts
• Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems 
Connections
• Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics 
Representations
• Create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas
• Use representations to model and interpret physical, social, and mathematical phenomena 
From Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. Copyright © 2000 by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.  
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International Technology Education Association Technology Content Standards The Nature of Technology
Standard 1: Students will develop an understanding of the characteristics and scope of technology.
Standard 2: Students will develop an understanding of the core concepts of technology.
Standard 3: Students will develop an understanding of the relationships among technologies and the connections between technology and other fields of study.  
Technology and Society
Standard 4: Students will develop an understanding of the cultural, social, economic, and political effects of technology.
Standard 5: Students will develop an understanding of the effects of technology on the environment.
Standard 6: Students will develop an understanding of the role of society in the development and use of technology.
Standard 7: Students will develop an understanding of the influence of technology on history. 
Design
Standard 9: Students will develop an understanding of engineering design.
Standard 10: Students will develop an understanding of the role of troubleshooting, research and development, invention and innovation, and experimentation in problem-solving.  
Abilities of a Technological World
Standard 11: Students will develop abilities to apply the design process.  
The Designed World
Standard 20: Students will develop an understanding of and be able to select and use construction technologies. 
From Standards for Technological Literacy. Copyright © 2000, International Technology Education Association.  

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