GLOBAL CONNECTIONS: the Near/Middle East
October 30-November 1, 1991: Israeli, Syrian, Jordanian, Lebanese, and Palestinian delegations attend the Madrid Peace Conference.

The Madrid Peace Conference is jointly sponsored by the United States and Russia. Two negotiating tracks are established: Separate bilateral talks involving Israel, the Palestinians, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon are intended to resolve past conflicts and sign peace treaties; and multilateral negotiations are aimed at building the Middle East of the future.

PBS Syria in Transition
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/middle_east /jan-june00/syria_6-12.html

Syria mourns the death of President Hafez al-Asad as his son moves to consolidate power. (June 2000)