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Arithmetic Activity: Using Basic Facts
 Learning basic math facts is a critical step that allows children to progress efficiently to higher levels of mathematical thinking. If a middle-school student cannot quickly recall basic facts like 2 + 3 = 5 or 6 x 3 = 18, this will likely slow him down when working on a more complex problem.

For many people, math facts come easily. Some people with math disabilities, however, who lack an intuitive understanding of numbers or symbols or place value, may struggle endlessly with these basic mathematical concepts.

Most people learn basics facts on a table like the one below. Do you remember how to use it?
0 1 2 3
1 2 3 4
2 3 4 5
3 4 5 6
 Find the first number in the dark grey column on the left. Then find the other number in the dark grey row at the top. The sum is the value in the cell where the row and column intersect.
0 1 2 3
1 2 3 4
2 3 4 5
3 4 5 6
For example, to find 2 + 3 using the addition tables at left, first find 2 in the left column, then find 3 in the top row. Follow the column and row to where they meet, at 5. Thus, 5 is the answer.
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