Roosevelt creates the War Refugee Board, transferring control from Cordell Hull and Breckenridge Long of the State Department to Henry Morgenthau of the Treasury Department.
Germany invades Hungary.
Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler escape from Auschwitz and carry detailed information about the death camp to outside world.
First transport of Jews from Athens to Auschwitz.
May 15 to July 8
Deportation of 438,000 Jews from Hungary to Auschwitz.
Red Cross delegation visits Theresienstadt.
Allies enter Rome.
D-Day, start of the Allied invasion in Normandy.
Rosenberg orders the kidnapping of 40,000 Polish children ages 10-14 for slave labor in the Reich.
Start of the Soviet offensive.
Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg arrives in Budapest, Hungary and begins to issue diplomatic papers to save Hungarian Jews.
Soviet troops liberate concentration camp Majdanek. German assassination attempt on Hitler fails.
Ghetto in Kovno, Lithuania, evacuated.
Gestapo arrests Anne Frank's family in Amsterdam.
Deportation to Germany of 27,000 Jews from camps east of the Vistula River in Poland.
Holding camp Drancy (near Paris) liberated. Romania capitulates.
Lodz Ghetto evacuated.
British troops arrive in Holland.
Soviet troops reach the Slovakian border.
Transport of all Jews in Dutch camps to Germany. New deportations from Theresienstadt to Auschwitz. Last transport from France to Auschwitz.
American troops reach the German border.
Massacre of Jews in the concentration camp in Kluga, Estonia. Resumption of deportations from Slovakia.
Escape attempts in Auschwitz-Birkenau.
Germany installs new puppet Hungarian government, which resumes deportation of Jews.
Hitler orders the establishment of the Volkssturms (mobilization of all men from 16 to 60).
Allied armies liberate Paris.
Survivors of concentration camp Plaszow (Krakow) transported to Auschwitz.
Approximately 14,000 Jews transported from Slovakia to Auschwitz.
Trial of the leaders of the extermination camp Majdanek held in Lublin.
Gassings in Auschwitz terminated.
Soviet troops near Budapest.
Eichmann deports 38,000 Jews from Budapest to the concentration camps at Buchenwald and Ravensbruck and other camps.
Himmler orders destruction of the crematorium at Auschwitz-Birkenau, as Nazis try to hide evidence of the death camps.
Members of Waffen SS (an arm of the SS) murder 81 U.S. POWs at Malmedy.
Photos: Courtesy of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives.
The Director's Story | Timeline of Nazi Abuses
Results of Death-Camp Experiments: Should They Be Used?
Exposing Flawed Science | Resources
Transcript | Site Map | Holocaust on Trial Home
Editor's Picks | Previous Sites | Join Us/E-mail | TV/Web Schedule
About NOVA | Teachers | Site Map | Shop | Jobs | Search | To print
PBS Online | NOVA Online | WGBH
© | Updated October 2000