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Links & Books


Hitler's Sunken Secret homepage

Links

The Heroes of Telemark
www.hydro.com/en/about/history/1929_1945/1943_2.html
Norsk Hydro's official company Web site provides an extensive history of the plant and includes a lengthy section on the 1943 sabotage attempt.


The German Uranium Project
www.aip.org/pt/vol-53/iss-7/p34.html
On this American Institute of Physics Web site, read about German physicist Werner Heisenberg and his work with nuclear chain reactions during World War II.


Operation Freshman
www.webtek.no/freshman/side1e.html
Although the famous 1943 raid on the Norsk Hydro heavy water plant is well known today, an earlier, lesser-known attempt ended in tragedy. On this Web site, learn about the operation that took place in 1942.


New Light on Hitler's Bomb
physicsweb.org/articles/world/18/6/3
Learn about the historical controversy surrounding Hitler's race for the atomic bomb in this PhysicsWorld article.


Heavy Water Production
www.fas.org/nuke/intro/nuke/heavy.htm
The Federation of American Scientists' Special Weapons Primer offers an explanation of heavy water production and its use in nuclear chain reactions.


Books

Heavy Water and the Wartime Race for Nuclear Energy
by Per Dahl. Institute of Physics Publishing, 1999.

Nazi Science: Myth, Truth, and the German Atomic Bomb
by Mark Walker (Perseus Publishing, 1995).

The Real Heroes of Telemark
by Ray Mears. Hodder & Stoughton, 2003.

Blood and Water: Sabotaging Hitler's Bomb
by Dan Kurzman. Henry Holt, 1997.

Heisenberg's War: The Secret History of the German Bomb
by Thomas Powers. Da Capo Press, 2000.


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Related NOVA Content

Hitler's Lost Sub
A fisherman's net snags off the coast of New Jersey, revealing a missing World War II German U-boat.

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Hitler's Sunken Secret
Nazis and the Bomb

Nazis and the Bomb
How close were the Germans to a nuclear weapon?

Norwegian Resistance Coup

Norwegian
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A midnight raid was the masterstroke of a broad insurgency.

See the Spy Messages

See the Spy Messages
Read the actual telegrams sent between Norway and London.

Dangerous Water

Dangerous Water
What is heavy water, and what makes it a threat?



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