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Intelligent Design on Trial

Defining Science

What is science? More than simply a body of knowledge or collection of facts, science is a means of inquiry. But what distinguishes scientific inquiry from other ways we humans gain understanding of ourselves and the universe? Listen in as seven scientists, philosophers, and educators reflect on the essence of science, and why evolution qualifies while intelligent design does not. Play all or choose individual clips below.


Barbara Forrest

Barbara Forrest
Professor of Philosophy
Southeastern Louisiana University

"When creationists try to dismiss evolution as 'only a theory,' they are misusing the word theory."

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"Only a Theory"
Running time 2:19

Nick Matzke

Nick Matzke
Public Information Project Director
National Center for Science Education

"A conservative judge isn't going to just redefine science."

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Avoiding the Supernatural
Running time 1:41

Ken Miller

Ken Miller
Biologist
Brown University

"What science isn't very good at is answering questions [on] the meaning and purpose of things."

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Science and Religion
Running time 2:29

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On Isaac Newton
Running time 1:34



Kevin Padian

Kevin Padian
Paleontologist
UC Berkeley

"I don't know where people get the idea that evolution is a theory in crisis."

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A Solid Theory
Running time 1:18

Robert T. Pennock

Robert T. Pennock
Philosopher and Evolutionary Scientist
Michigan State University

"You can't have gaps that you fill in by appeal to miracles."

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Natural Explanations
Running time 1:33

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Science Is Not Dogmatic
Running time 2:02

Eugenie Scott

Eugenie Scott
Executive Director
National Center for Science Education

"If you teach intelligent design as a science, you are confusing students about the nature of science."

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Science Tests Its Claims
Running time 1:12



Neil Shubin

Neil Shubin
Paleontologist
University of Chicago and the Field Museum

"Not every idea, no matter how beautiful, qualifies as science."

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The Power of Science
Running time 1:23

Text version of audio clips

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Barbara Forrest
Nick Matzke
Ken Miller 1
Ken Miller 2
Kevin Padian
Robert T. Pennock 1
Robert T. Pennock 2
Eugenie Scott
Neil Shubin

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