Early conceptual design for "2001: A Space Odyssey"
Many studios eliminate their effects departments, and a new generation of
independents moves in to fill the gap.
Ivan Sutherland invents Sketchpad, the first interactive computer graphics
program, for design and engineering applications.
Ivan Sutherland demonstrates Sketchpad.
"Cleopatra," the effects Oscar winner for 1963, premieres. Its $44
million budget, $300 million in today's dollars, makes it the most
expensive film ever made. In addition to extensive effects, the film also
includes a set of the Roman Forum larger than the real thing and a full-scale
barge with a gilded stern.
After three years in production, "2001: A Space Odyssey" premieres. The
meticulously researched art direction and effects, including an early form of
motion control and the slit-scan technique used for the dazzling Stargate
Corridor sequence, set a new standard for special effects.
Photos/illustrations: (1) Graphic Films; (2) Reprinted with permission of MIT Lincoln Laboratory, Lexington, Mass.
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