Numbers in timeline correspond to locations on timeline map.
Hussein asserts oil overproduction by Kuwait and United Arab Emirates is "economic warfare" against Iraq.
Iraq accuses Kuwait of stealing oil from Rumaylah oil field on Iraq-Kuwait border and warns of military action.
Iraq begins military buildup against Kuwait.
August 2, #1
Iraq invades Kuwait and seizes Kuwaiti oil fields. Kuwait's emir flees. Iraq masses troops along the Saudi bordr. U.N. condemns Iraq's invasion and demands withdrawl.
U.N. imposes trade embargo on Iraq.
Saudi Arabia requests U.S. troops to defend against possible Iraqi attack.
Hussein proclaims annexation of Kuwait.
August 9, #2
First U.S. military forces arrive in Saudi Arabia. U.N. declares Iraqi annexation of Kuwait void.
Hussein declares a "jihad" or holy war against the U.S. and Israel.
Naval blockade of Iraq begins. All shipments of Iraqi oil halted.
Iraq declares Kuwait its 19th province, renames Kuwait City al-Kadhima.
United Kingdom and France announce deployment of 10,000 troops to Gulf.
U.N. sets deadline for Iraqi withdrawal on January 15, 1991. Hussein rejects all U.N. resolutions.
Defense Department censors war reporting by press.
Talks between U.S. Secretary of State Baker and Iraqi Foreign Minister Aziz end in stalemate.
Congress grants President Bush authority to wage war.
Operation Desert Storm begins at 3 a.m. Baghdad time.
January 19, #3
First scud missiles strike Israel.
Iraq begins blowing up Kuwaiti oil wells.
January 25, #4
Iraq begins "environmental war" by pumping millions of gallons of crude oil into Gulf.
January 30, #5
Iraqi and Coalition forces engage in first important ground battle in Khafji, Saudi Arabia.
Secretary of Defense Cheney warns U.S. will retaliate if Iraq uses chemical or unconventional weapons.
Total U.S. troops in Gulf now over half million.
Air bombardment of Baghdad destroys three major bridges and kills 400 people in an air-raid shelter.
Soviet-Iraqi peace plan rejected by President Bush. Oil spill in Gulf now estimated at 1.5 million barrels.
President Bush issues 24-hour ultimatum: Iraq must withdraw from Kuwait to avoid start of ground war.
February 24, #6
Allied ground campaign begins. Schwarzkopf's warlords carry out Gulf War's critical "left hook" maneuver as conceived by General Grant's 1863 Civil War campaign at Vicksburg.
February 25, #7
Iraqi Scud missile hits U.S. barracks in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, killing 28 U.S. soldiers.
February 26, #8
Hussein announces Iraq's withdrawal from Kuwait. Iraqi troops exodus from Kuwait City results in "Highway of Death."
Coalition forces enter Kuwait City. U.S. 1st Armored Division fights battle of Medina Ridge against Iraqi Republican Guard in Iraq. President Bush declares Kuwait liberated.
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