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Pearl Harbor attacked by Japan. U.S. declares war. Japanese Americans interned

Latin American Japanese become U.S. prisoners of war.

Japan attacks Pearl Harbor and the Philippines and United States declares war on Japan. 2,000 Japanese community leaders along Pacific Coast states and Hawaii are immediately rounded up and interned in Department of Justice camps.


President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 9066 authorizing the Secretary of War to delegate a military commander to designate military areas "from which any and all persons may be excluded."

EO 9066 effectively results in the forcible removal of the entire West Coast Japanese American population from their communities in California, Washington and Oregon. They are sent, under armed guard, into incarceration in ten U.S. government internment camps, spread across five states, for the duration of WW II.

Not surprisingly there is resistance to the injustice, and incidents at Poston, Manzanar, Heart Mountain and other relocation centers follow.

In that same year, 2,265 LATIN AMERICAN JAPANESE become U.S. PRISONERS OF WAR. Persons of Japanese ancestry are removed from their home countries in SOUTH AMERICA, such as Peru, and incarcerated by the U.S. Federal government in Department of Justice camps, to act as hostages in a prisoner-of-war exchange plan

During the war, 800 Latino Japanese are "repatriated" to Japan in exchange for American prisoners of war.