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  James A. Garfield
  Franz Boas
  Jane Adams
  Frederick Jackson Turner
  H. H. Goddard
  Charles Davenport
  Julia Lathrop
  Robert and Helen Lynd
  President Hoover
  President Roosevelt
  George Gallup
  Alfred Kinsey
  Betty Friedan
  Daniel Patrick Moynihan
  James Coleman
  Middletown III Team
  Alfred Kahn
  Paul Volcker
  James Q. Wilson
  Middletown IV Team
  Ben Wattenberg

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Julia LathropspacerJulia Lathrop

1912 - Congress created the Children’s Bureau under the Department of Labor. Jane Addams presuaded President William Howard Taft to appoint Julia Lathrop to head the new agency. Lathrop is the first woman to head a federal agency. 

1914 - The Children’s Bureau discovered that infant mortality was related to unsanitary conditions, lack of health care, and poverty. The Bureau started an education campaign to teach women about prenatal care and baby and child care.




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     Photo Credits:
   Julia Lathrop. Courtesy of the Library of Congress.

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