Monster of the Milky Way
Web site credits

Web Site Credits

Lauren Aguirre, Executive Editor
Gayle Añonuevo, Editorial Assistant
Harley Brown, Web Intern
Brenden Kootsey, Senior Web Developer
David Levin, Editorial Assistant
Susan K. Lewis, Editor
Anna Malsberger, Designer
Peter Tyson, Editor in Chief
Anya Vinokour, Senior Designer

Special Thanks
Lynn Cominsky, Sonoma State University
NASA Education and Public Outreach Group, Sonoma State University

Image Credits 
Monster of the Milky Way homepage
Image composite: (black hole consuming star) Courtesy NASA/CXC/M.Weiss; (black hole grid) © Denver Museum of Nature & Science/Andrew Hamilton, University of Colorado

Inside an Enigma
Images: (Centaurus A, black hole spectrum) Courtesy NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; (black hole bubble, dust ring, spiral galaxy) Courtesy NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; (supermassive black holes) X-ray data courtesy NASA/CXC/AIfA/D.Hudson & T.Reiprich et al., Radio data courtesy NRAO/VLA/NRL; (Milky Way) Courtesy NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Galactic Explorer
Images: (Andrea Ghez) Courtesy UCLA; (Milky Way heart, star orbits, galactic center) Courtesy Andrea Ghez & UCLA Galactic Center Group, data obtained with W. M. Keck Telescopes; (Keck II telescope) Courtesy W. M. Keck Observatory; (Earth in black hole) © Forrest J. Ackerman Collection/CORBIS; (girl with newspaper) Public domain/Courtesy & Rufus330Ci; (ladies of Observatory Hill) Courtesy Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Tiny Black Holes
Images: (Andromeda Galaxy) Courtesy NASA Marshall Space Flight Center; (Asteroid Ida, solar system) Courtesy NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory; (gamma-ray burst) Courtesy Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics/Artist rendering by David A. Aguilar; (Charles Keeton) Courtesy Charles Keeton; (Arlie Petters) Courtesy Arlie Petters

Black Holes Explained
Images: (Gregory Benford) Courtesy Gregory Benford; (Roger Blandford) Courtesy Roger Blandford; (David Brin) Courtesy David Brin; (Reinhard Genzel) Courtesy Reinhard Genzel; (Andrea Ghez) Courtesy Andrea Ghez; (Andrew Hamilton) Courtesy Andrew Hamilton; (Brian McNamara) Courtesy Brian McNamara; (Mark Morris) Courtesy Mark Morris; (Steve Ritz) Courtesy Steve Ritz; (Kip Thorne) Courtesy Caltech; (Neil deGrasse Tyson) © NOVA/WGBH Educational Foundation

Birth of a Black Hole
Images: (all) © Denver Museum of Nature & Science/Andrew Hamilton, University of Colorado

Catalogue of the Cosmos
Images: (asteroid, Earth, elliptical galaxy, globular cluster, Milky Way) Courtesy NASA; (binary star system) Courtesy NASA, Susan Terebey/Extrasolar Research Corp.; (black hole) Courtesy Karl Gebhardt/University of Michigan, Tod Lauer/NOAO; (blue straggler) Courtesy NASA, Rex Saffer/Villanova University and Dave Zurek/STScI; (comet) Courtesy NASA, H.A. Weaver/Applied Research Corp., P.D. Feldman/The Johns Hopkins University; (galaxy) Courtesy NASA, Hubble Heritage Team/STScI/AURA, G.R. Meurer and T.M. Heckman/The Johns Hopkins University, C. Leitherer, J. Harris and D. Calzetti/STScI, M. Sirianni/ The Johns Hopkins University; (gamma-ray burst, nebula) Courtesy NASA, S.R. Kulkarni and S.G. Djorgovski/Caltech, Caltech GRB Team; (magellanic clouds, spiral galaxy) Courtesy Hubble Heritage Team/AURA/STScI/NASA; (neutron star) Courtesy NASA, Fred Walter/State University of New York at Stony Brook; (Orion Nebula) Courtesy NASA, Hubble Heritage Team/STScI; (planetary nebula) Courtesy NASA, J.P. Harrington and K.J. Borkowski/University of Maryland; (quasar) Courtesy NASA, John Bahcall/Institute of Advanced Study, Princeton; (supernova) Courtesy Chung Shing Jason Pun/NASA/GCFC, Robert P. Kirshner/Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics; (white dwarf) Courtesy NASA, Harvey Richer/University of British Columbia, Vancouver

TV Program Description
Image: ( black hole dust girdle) Courtesy ESA/NASA, the AVO project, Paolo Padovani

Program credits

TV Program Credits

Narrated by
Liev Schreiber

Produced and Directed by
Thomas Lucas and Julia Cort

Written by
Julia Cort and Jonathan Grupper

Associate Producer
Anthony Manupelli

Edited by
Dan McCabe

Additional Editing by
Tony Breuer

Narrated by
Liev Schreiber

3D Cosmic Visualizations for NCSA
University of Illinois

NCSA Producer and Art Director
Donna Cox

NCSA Art Director and Choreographer
Robert Patterson

NCSA Co-Producers
Donna Cox
Robert Patterson

NCSA Technical Director
Stuart Levy

Science Directors
Lynn Cominsky
Andrew Hamilton

Science Consultant
Phil Plait

Richard Lerner
John Shenk
Erich Roland
Jeff Baker
Gary Henoch
Brian Knappenberger
Reuben Aaronson

South Pole Camera
Gregory A. Wright

Assistant Editor
Shana McHugh

Rob Morsberger

NCSA Visualization Team
Alex Betts
David Bock
Matthew Hall
Lorne Leonard

Animation and Graphics
Andrew Hamilton, University of Colorado, Boulder
Avery Broderick
Bill Carr
Brad Thompson
Chris Martin
Denver Museum of Nature & Science
Edgeworx, Inc.
Inna Leonov
Jim Arthurs, The Image Shoppe
Mike Bruno
Roger Smith
Spitz Creative Media
Tiziana Di Matteo
Trent Schindler, National Science Foundation
Werner Benger
Wes Thompson
William Mahler, IslandFX
Zolt Levay

Milky Way Panorama
Digital Sky, LLC

Scientific Simulations
Michael Norman, UCSD
Brian O'Shea, Los Alamos NL
Brant Robertson, U. of Chicago
Lars Hernquist, Harvard
Tiziana Di Matteo, Carnegie Mellon
T.J. Cox, Harvard
Volker Springel, Max-Planck Institute
John Hawley, U. of Virginia
Andrea Ghez, UCLA
Jessica Lu, UCLA
Renyue Cen, Princeton
Jeremiah Ostriker, Princeton

Reference Imagery
Jean-Charles Cuillandre
Farhad Yusef-Zadeh
Zsolt Frei
James Gunn
Doug Roberts
Mark Morris
W.M. Goss

Online Editor and Colorist
Mark Steele

Audio Mix
John Jenkins

Archival Material
Alex Mellinger
Chandra X-ray Observatory
Milky Way based on an image of M83 by David Malin
Fred Baganoff
UCLA, Galactic Center Group
Hubble Space Telescope Images courtesy of NASA and Space Telescope Science Institute/AURA

Special Thanks
Digital Sky, LLC
Jeff Carpenter
Keck Telescope, Hawaii
Kitt Peak National Observatory
Sarah Silva
Very Large Telescope Array, Paranal, Chile


NOVA Series Graphics
yU + co.

NOVA Theme Music
Walter Werzowa
John Luker
Musikvergnuegen, Inc.

Additional NOVA Theme Music
Ray Loring

Post Production Online Editor
Mark Steele

Closed Captioning
The Caption Center

NOVA Administrator
Ashley King

Eileen Campion
Anna Lowi

Gaia Remerowski

Production Coordinator
Linda Callahan

Unit Manager
Carla Raimer

Raphael Nemes

Legal Counsel
Susan Rosen Shishko

Assistant Editor
Alex Kreuter

Associate Producer, Post Production
Patrick Carey

Post Production Supervisor
Regina O'Toole

Post Production Editor
Rebecca Nieto

Post Production Manager
Nathan Gunner

Supervising Producer
Stephen Sweigart

Producer, Special Projects
Susanne Simpson

Coordinating Producer
Laurie Cahalane

Senior Science Editor
Evan Hadingham

Senior Series Producer
Melanie Wallace

Managing Director
Alan Ritsko

Senior Executive Producer
Paula S. Apsell


This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. ESI-0337286. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

A NOVA Production by Thomas Lucas Productions, Inc. for WGBH/Boston

© 2006 WGBH Educational Foundation

All rights reserved

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© | Created September 2006