Soviet troops liberate 800 Jews at Czestochowa and 870 in Lodz.
Soviet troops liberate Warsaw. Liberation of 80,000 Jews in Budapest. Nazis evacuate Auschwitz and "Death March" of prisoners begins.
Soviet troops liberate Auschwitz.
American troops reach the Rhine River.
Hitler orders destruction of all German military, industrial, transportation, and communications facilities to prevent them from falling under enemy control.
Allies discover Nazi-stolen art and wealth hidden in salt mines.
Evacuation of 15,000 Jews from Buchenwald.
American troops liberate Buchenwald. President Roosevelt dies. Truman becomes President.
British troops liberate concentration camp Bergen-Belsen southeast of Hamburg.
American troops occupy Nuremberg.
Soviet troops near Berlin.
April 23-May 4
Evacuation of inmates from concentration camps Sachsenhausen and Ravensbruck. SS guards conduct last massacre of Jews.
Meeting of American and Soviet troops on the Elbe River in Germany.
Mussolini captured and hanged by Italian partisans.
American troops liberate Dachau.
Hitler commits suicide.
Berlin capitulates. Representatives of International Red Cross take over at Theresienstadt.
Liberation of Mauthausen.
Unconditional surrender of Germany: end of war in Europe.
V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.
U.S. troops capture Göring.
Himmler captured and commits suicide.
Allies divide up Germany and Berlin and take over government.
United Nations Charter signed in San Francisco.
Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima.
Japan surrenders: end of World War II.
United Nations officially born.
Start of Nuremberg Trials. Trials end January 10, 1946, with 12 defendants sentenced to death, three to life imprisonment, four to various prison terms, and three acquitted.
Photos: Courtesy of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives.
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