A German police officer examines the
identification papers of Jews in the Krakow ghetto, circa 1941.
The Nazi reign of terror lasted from 1933 to 1945, a time when mounting
affronts to Europe's Jews, Gypsies, and others gave way to the most unspeakable
atrocities. Using well-documented facts and contemporary photographs, this
timeline chronicles that tragic period in world history. Click on any year above to get a detailed
history. Caution: Many
photographs in this feature are disturbing and may not be suitable for all
Adapted with permission from the Web site of the American-Israeli Cooperative
Enterprise (www.us-israel.org). Thanks to Dr. Paul Bookbinder of Harvard
University for reviewing this timeline. All images in this feature are courtesy of the United States
Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives.