Premieres Mon, March 25 & Tues, March 26
FULL EPISODE

Naila and the Uprising

Discover the story of a courageous, non-violent women’s movement that formed the heart of the Palestinian struggle for freedom during the 1987 uprising, known as the first Intifada. One woman must make a choice between love, family and freedom. Undaunted, she embraces all three.

AIRED: 3/26/2019 | EXPIRES: 4/24/2019 | 00:54:48
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[ Horn honks in distance ] [ Indistinct talking ] [ Speaking native language ] ♪♪ ♪♪ -[ Yawns ] ♪♪ [ Coos ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Explosion in distance ] ♪♪ ♪♪ -This is what the occupation is all about.

There are two sets of laws here -- Jews live under Israeli civilian justice, Arabs are under the thumb of the military -- second-class citizens in their own land.

Palestinians aren't allowed to compete with Israeli enterprise.

And they can't carry weapons, as Israeli citizens do.

[ Indistinct shouting ] Every day, Arabs are arrested for resisting the occupation.

[ Horns honk in distance ] -[ Shouting in native language ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Latch clicks, door creaks ] -[ Raspy breathing ] ♪♪ [ Gasps, screams ] [ Loud thud ] -[ Blows land ] -[ Cries ] ♪♪ [ Water drips ] ♪♪ [ Heartbeat pounds ] ♪♪ [ Thunder rumbles ] ♪♪ [ Gasps ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Monitor beeps steadily ] [ Beeping continues ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Wings flutter ] ♪♪ [ Glass shatters ] ♪♪ [ Indistinct shouting in distance ] [ Siren wails ] -The Israeli-occupied Gaza Strip has been enferment.

The Protest there, which originally erupted after four Palestinians were killed in a collision with an Israeli Army lorry, continued today, when three more Palestinians were shot dead by soldiers.

[ Indistinct shouting ] [ Gunshot ] [ Crowd screams ] -Again today, all over the West Bank and Gaza strip, young Palestinians rioted against Israeli occupation.

[ Indistinct shouting ] -The land where they live has been under the control of Israel for 20 years.

[ Gunfire ] [ Explosion ] -Senior Israeli officers say it can no longer be defined as a wave of disturbances.

They are calling it 'insurrection.'

[ All shouting ] ♪♪ [ Indistinct shouting ] ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Horn honks ] ♪♪ [ Men chanting indistinctly ] [ Crowd chanting indistinctly ] ♪♪ [ Chanting continues ] ♪♪ -Last night, Israel's defense minister Yitzhak Rabin, threatened to take tougher measures against the protesters.

Mr. Rabin warned that Israel was determined to impose order, even if the steps are painful.

-I hope that the people of the Gaza Strip will realize that the longer the disturbances will be continued, the greater there will be their suffering.

-Under the controversial policy of subduing protesters, Israeli soldiers can use force against those who resist.

In this case the suspect was taken almost, but not quite, out of camera range.

[ Man screams ] Dragged back outside, his face told the story of his punishment... [ Indistinct shouting ] ...the kind of beating the Israeli army said yesterday will be administered only in extreme cases.

♪♪ ♪♪ [ Men speaking native language ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ -[ Speaking native language ] ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Birds chirping ] ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Crowd cheering, chanting ] ♪♪ [ Chanting continues ] -The women, who have been playing an increasingly active role in the Palestinian uprising, carried the outlawed flag of the Palestine Liberation Organization, and taunted Israeli soldiers.

[ Indistinct chanting ] [ Crowd screams ] -Soldiers, firing tear gas into the crowds, moved to break up the march.

-We want our homeland!

The only reason is, we want to be -- to live free.

[ Indistinct shouting ] ♪♪ -The new young leadership of Palestinians has begun a series of non-violent strikes to bring the economy to its knees.

-Any visit to Ramallah, Bethlehem, or East Jerusalem these days reveals a uniform general strike by Palestinian shopkeepers.

[ Engine starts ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Indistinct chanting ] ♪♪ ♪♪ -Curfews keep towns and villages shut up after sundown, and sometimes all day.

All schools and universities have been closed by order.

There have been electricity, water, and telephone cutoffs to entire villages.

-Refugee camps have been under curfew for as long as two weeks.

Palestinians weren't allowed out of their homes without Army permission.

♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Indistinct talking ] -It has become the most powerful word in the Palestinian vocabulary.

-'Intifada.' -And this classroom, has become an arm of the uprising.

The Israeli government has closed the universities and schools.

The Palestinians are setting up clandestine classrooms.

-[ Speaking native language ] ♪♪ [ Children shouting ] -[ Speaking native language ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ -A leadership has emerged.

To the outside world, it is a shadow leadership, insisting on anonymity.

But inside the territories, they are developing a grassroots government.

-The Israeli defense minister has announced yet another crackdown on the so-called popular committees.

The new Israeli measures would expose any Palestinian who attends a committee meeting to a possible prison term of 10 years.

-The Israelis are targeting every Palestinian effort to create parallel institutions in the Occupied Territories.

Anything which could circumvent Israeli authority, anything which could prove to be so much as a seedling for an independent Palestinian state.

♪♪ [ Radio chatter ] ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Sniffles ] [ Sobs ] ♪♪ ♪♪ -[ Coos ] ♪♪ [ Latch clicks ] -[ Gasps ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ -[ Giggles ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Horns blare in distance ] ♪♪ [ Man sings in native language ] -Good afternoon and welcome to this first rally of Israeli and Palestinian women's solidarity.

From Jerusalem, we demand peace!

[ Cheers and applause ] -[ Speaking native language ] [ Indistinct shouting, chanting ] ♪♪ [ Chanting continues ] -The crowd of several thousand, mostly women, marched from Jewish West Jerusalem, to Arab East Jerusalem.

♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ -U.S. Secretary of State James Baker in Israel to re-launch the Middle-East peace process.

Washington hopes to hold a Middle East Peace Conference by October the 31st.

-Faisal Husseini led the Palestinian group.

They said Jewish settlement of the Occupied Territories must be stopped.

[ Crowd chants 'Baker go home!' ] -Jewish protesters shouted 'Baker, go home!'

unhappy that the Secretary of State was meeting Palestinian leaders at all.

-Shamir rejected an American idea for talks with Palestinians.

[ Camera shutters click ] -The Bush administration says the Israeli government is threatening efforts to arrange an Arab-Israeli peace conference.

Tomorrow, Israel will formally ask the U.S. government for $10 billion worth of loan guarantees, that would require the U.S.

to put up hundreds of millions of dollars in cash.

-President Bush showed his anger and frustration with Israel and its supporters.

The president is worried that Israel will use a $10 billion guarantee right now to increase the number of settlements in the Occupied Territories.

-What's important here is that we give this process a chance.

Nothing should be done that might interfere with this prospect.

And if necessary, I will use my veto power.

♪♪ ♪♪ -The fate of the peace conference could depend on the outcome of the battle.

Give the aide, and the Arabs could pull out, accusing the U.S. of favoritism.

Don't give the aide, and the Israelis could pull out, figuring they had little to lose.

♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Engine starts ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Indistinct shouting ] [ Indistinct chanting ] -Negotiation and compromise are always painful.

We must fix our vision on what real peace would bring.

-We are determined to begin serious deliberations towards a just, lasting, and comprehensive peace in the Middle East.

-Mr. James Baker, you have spent a great time organizing this historical meeting.

Where are we going after?

-Well, we reconvene tomorrow at 10:00 in the morning.

Stay tuned! -Thank you!

[ Indistinct talking ] [ Camera shutters click ] ♪♪ -The Norwegian government shocks the world.

For months it seems, foreign minister Holst has been secretly hosting direct talks between the Israeli government and the PLO.

♪♪ -The official negotiators had no idea secret talks were underway.

Fewer than a dozen people knew.

♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Cheers and applause ] ♪♪ ♪♪ [ Cheers and applause ] -[ Chanting 'Palestine!' ] -Instead of seeing moves to speed up the peace process, Palestinians see an Israeli clampdown.

The checkpoints have taken away their freedom of movement.

And they see all of this as a giant step backwards.

The Palestinians complain that the peace process only seems to bring more suffering, not the promised prosperity.

-Israel announced this week it will build 900 new homes in this new Jewish settlement and would approve planning of about 2,500 more.

-[ Shrieking ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ -[ Speaking native language ] [ Indistinct shouting ] [ Indistinct chanting ] ♪♪ [ Chuckles ] ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ ♪♪ -[ Coos ] ♪♪