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Lesson Two

Lesson Title: The Fascinating World of Islam
Grade Level: 6-12
Subjects: World History, Language Arts, and Visual Arts
Estimated Time of Completion: 5 class periods

I. Objectives
II. Standards
III. Materials Needed
IV. Procedure
V. Assessment Suggestions
VI. Extensions/Adaptations

  1. Instructional Objectives:
    • Students will be introduced to Islamic culture while viewing the PBS video series Islam: Empire of Faith.
    • Students will have the opportunity to research aspects of the world of Islam by using the World Wide Web, library books, and other research tools.
    • Students will have the opportunity to work with classmates in creating an ABC Book of Islam based on their research, accompanied by visuals.
    • Students will have the opportunity to share their findings with their classmates.

  2. Standards
    • This lesson correlates to the following national standards for social studies, language arts, and visual arts, established by the Mid-continent research Regional Education Lab:
    World History:
    • Understands how the Muslims spread Islamic beliefs and established their empire
    • Understands significant aspects of Islamic civilization
    • Understands significant aspects of Abbasid culture
    • Understands how the Byzantine Empire defended itself against various invaders
    • Understands the influence of Islamic ideas and practices on other cultures and social behavior
    • Understands challenges to the Muslim civilization
    Language Arts:
    • Uses the general skills and strategies of the writing process
    • Gathers and uses information for research purposes
    • Uses listening and speaking strategies for different purposes
    • Uses viewing skills and strategies to understand and interpret visual media
    • Uses grammatical and mechanical conventions in written composition
    • Uses the general skills and strategies of the reading process
    Visual Arts:
    • Knows how to use structures and functions of art
    • Understands the visual arts in relation to history and cultures
    • Understands the characteristics and merits of one's own artwork and the artwork of others

  3. Materials Needed:
  4. Procedures:
    Overview:
    This lesson is based on the PBS video series Islam: Empire of Faith. (See adaptation section at the end of the lesson for suggestions if the video is not available.) Students will have the opportunity to research the people, places, and events that have shaped the history of Islam, take notes on their findings, and create an ABC Book of Islam.

    Teachers should view video prior to lesson to get exact time cues and familiarize themselves to content.
    1. Explain to the class that they will be researching the History of Islam.
    2. Ask students to share some facts that they already know about Islam. Jot these responses on the overhead or board.
    3. Explain to students they will be viewing the three-part PBS video series Islam: Empire of Faith. They will be taking notes relating to information about Islam as they view the video. They will also be using various other resources to gather information. (If video is not available notes will be taken from various other resources.)
    4. Hand out a copy of the Fascinating World of Islam ABC Book and example sheet. (This is suggested so students have an idea of project requirements prior to viewing video. This will help them take more comprehensive notes.)
    5. Review requirements with students.
    6. Ask if there are any questions relating to requirements.
    7. Begin showing video. (If no video is available, go to research materials)

      See time cues listed below for suggested stopping points for discussion or note taking.

      Video 1
      3:45 Many cultures have been shaped by Islamic civilization
      4:00 Muhammad-early years
      10:00 Bedouin belief system
      10:45 The Kaaba
      11:35 Trade items
      13:40 Muhammad's characteristics
      15:10 Muhammad's vision
      16:40 Muhammad's proclamation
      18:00 With Islam came a new order, a new way of life
      18:40 Verbal expression was the commanding cultural force
      19:20 The Koran
      24:00 Unrest between tribal leaders and Muhammad
      26:10 A new tribe is formed
      27:50 New Muslim calendar
      31:30 Enemies gather forces to wipe out Muslims
      37:30 Bedouin's response to the fall of Mecca
      38:55 Muhammad dies
      39:45 Who should succeed Muhammad
      40:45 Strength of Islam
      41:20 Muslim's lead a conquest of ideas
      42:45 Architectural accomplishments

      Video 2
      :53 The Holy City
      1:15 Hajj
      4:25 Scholars make Baghdad learning center
      5:45 Baghdad's House of Wisdom
      6:30 First Scientific Venture in History
      7:15 Other scholarly accomplishments
      7:50 Renaissance has its beginnings in Baghdad
      8:22 Scientific process is born
      9:20 Birth of new Islamic Sciences
      12:20 Introduction of paper
      15:15 Cordoba
      18:30 Best example of Islamic palace
      20:55 Beginnings of the Crusades
      31:50 Crusades respond to trade items
      34:15 Trades brings innovation and craftsmen
      38:05 new leader of Muslims
      45:00 Mongols

      Video 3
      :55 Establishment of Ottoman Empire
      2:10 Directions of expansion, and why
      3:50 Ottoman's take over Byzantine's
      4:20 Huge demographic event change from Nomadic life to settled life.
      5:10 Civilization means organization- taxation and record keeping
      6:25 Management problem of Ottoman's
      7:20 Schools for training new leaders
      7:45 Political and Religious benefits of this new training
      9:40 Army introduces uniforms, military band
      9:55 Geographic area covered by Ottomans
      11:25 New Sultan
      12:40 Constantinople
      14:30 Trying to stop siege of Constantinople
      16:15 Constantinople's most celebrated prize Hagia Sophia
      18:45 Poising for conquest of Europe
      19:05 Suleiman
      20:00 Significant childhood friendship that lasts many years
      20:45 Suleiman struggles with Grand Vizirs and generals.
      21:35 Expansion of empire
      24:45 "The Law Giver"
      25:35 Classical age of architecture begins
      26:30 Symbolism of mosque
      28:00 Great patrons of arts
      29:05 Suleimans' demands while in public
      30:40 Suleimans harem
      31:55 His wife and son
      34:35 His greatest rivals
      38:05 Wife positions herself in place of power
      39:10 His best friend's death
      40:25 Order of execution of son
      40:45 Suleiman falls into deep depression
      42:00 Suleimans death
      42:20 Shift of power to the new world
    8. Hand out the materials needed to begin creating the ABC Book -- after students have watched the video, discussed the video, and completed general research.
    9. Divide students into groups, or let students choose their own groups.
    10. Allow students time to work on ABC Book in class, and at home.

      **Teachers should suggest the
      www.pbs.org/empires/islam Web site as a strong resource for student use.

    11. After students complete their books, allow time for them to share with classmates.
    12. After you grade the books, you may want to have them on display in the library, or possibly have students share their books with local elementary students.
    13. Use the Fascinating World of Islam ABC Book Requirement Sheet for evaluation.

    14. Assessment Recommendations:
      • Fascinating World of Islam ABC Book Grade Sheet

    15. Extensions/Adaptations:
      • For upper level grades, you may want students to create an ABC book through a PowerPoint Presentation where each letter would be on a separate slide. (See PowerPoint Tip sheet.)
      • For lower level grades or special needs students, you can limit the amount of letters students are assigned, or allow larger group sizes.
      • For those that do not have the video, use the suggested Web site to gain a general understanding of Islam, and use additional resources from the library, encyclopedias and resources listed below.

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