A traveler on the Tokaido Road
The following sources were consulted during the making of Japan: Memoirs of a Secret Empire.
Adams, William, Letters of William Adams, reprinted.
Auslin, Michael, Negotiating with Imperialism: The Unequal Treaties and the Culture of Japanese Diplomacy, Harvard University Press, 2004.
Berry, Mary Elizabeth, Hideyoshi, Council of East Asian Studies, Harvard University Press, 1982.
Bodart-Bailey Beatrice M., Kaempfer's Japan: Tokugawa Culture Observed, University of Hawaii Press, 1999.
Bolitho, Harold, Treasures Among Men: The Fudai Daimyo in Tokugawa Japan: Yale University Press, 1974.
Bottomley, Ian and Hopson, Anthony, Arms and Armour of the Samurai, Crescent Books, New Jersey, 1996.
Boxer, C.R., The Christian Century in Japan, 1549-1650, University of California Press, 1951.
Bryant, Anthony, Sekigahara 1600, Osprey Press, 1995.
Cook, Harry, Samurai: Story of a Warrior Tradition, Sterling, 1993.
Cooper, Michael, They Came to Japan: An Anthology of European Reports on Japan 1543-1640, University of Michigan Press, 1995.
Cooper, Michael, S.J., Rodrigues the Interpreter: An Early Jesuit in Japan and China, Weatherhill, New York and Tokyo, 1974
Cooper, Michael, Southern Barbarians: The First Europeans in Japan, Kodansha International in cooperation with Sophia University, 1971.
Cooper, Michael, This Island of Japon: Joao Rodriques's Account of 16th Century Japan, Kodansha International, 1973.
Downer, Lesley, Women of the Pleasure Quarters: The Secret History of the Geisha, Broadway Books, 2001.
Dunn, Charles J., Everyday Life in Traditional Japan, Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1972
Elison, George, Deus Destroyed, Harvard University East Asian Studies Center, Harvard University Press, 1991.
Elison, George and Smith, Bardwell L., Warlords, Artists and Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, 1981.
Farris, William Wayne, Heavenly Warriors, Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1995.
Fields, George, The Japanese Market Culture: George Fields in Japan, The Japan Times, 1988.
Giles, Milton, Samurai William: The Englishman Who Opened Japan, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2003.
Hesselink, Reiner H., Prisoners from Nambu: Reality and Make-Believe in Seventeenth Century Japan, University of Hawaii Press, 2001.
Hurlimann, Martin and Francis King, Japan, Copyright 1970 Thames & Hudson Ltd and Martin Hurlimann.
Ikegami, Eiko, The Taming of the Samurai: Honorific Individualism and the Making of Modern Japan, Cambridge University Press, 1995.
Ikegami, Eiko, Bonds of Civility: Aesthetic Networks and Political Origins of Japanese Culture, Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Jansen, Marius B., The Making of Modern Japan, The President and Fellows of Harvard College, Harvard University Press, 2000.
Jansen, Marius B., Japan and Its World: Two Centuries of Change, Princeton University Press, 1975.
Jippensha Ikku, Hizakurige (Shank's Mare), Tuttle Classics, reprinted 2001.
Keene, Donald, Travelers of a Hundred Ages: The Japanese as Revealed Through 1,000 Years of Diarie, Henry Holt and Company, New York, 1989.
Keene, Donald, The Japanese Discovery of Europe: 1720-1830, Stanford University Press, 1952.
Keene, Donald, Chushingura, Columbia University, 1971.
Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan, Kodansha International Ltd., Tokyo, 1983.
Kokichi, Katsu , translated by Teruko Craig, Musui's Story: The Autobiography of a Tokugawa Samurai, The Arizona Board of Regents, reprinted by permission of the University of Arizona Press, 1988.
Koschmann, Victor J., The Mito Ideology: Discourse, Reform and Insurrection in Early Modern Japan, The Regents of The University of California Press, 1987.
Kuno, Yoshio, Japanese Expansion on the Asiatic Continent, Vol. 1, Regents of the University of California, Univ. of California Press, 1937, renewed 1965.
Lane, Richard, Images from the Floating World, G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1978.
Leupp, Gary, Servants, Shophands, and Laborers in the Cities of Tokugawa Japan, Princeton University Press. 1994.
Lu, David, Japan: A Documentary History: From the Dawn of History to the Late Tokugawa History, M.E. Sharpe, New York, 1996.
Lu, David, Sources of Japanese History, McGraw-Hill Inc., 1974.
Musashi, Miyamoto, A Book,of Five Rings, Overlook Press, 1974.
Murdoch, James, A History of Japan, Frederick Unger Publishing Company, 1964.
Matsumoto Michihiro, Unspoken Way, Kodansha International, New York, 1988.
Miller, David, Samurai Warriors, St. Martin's Press, New York, 1999.
Nishiyama, Matsunosuke, Edo Culture: Daily Life and Diversions in Urban Japan, 1600-1868, University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, 1997
Oan, translated by Izumi Tanaka, Oan Monogatari, Japan.
Nakane, Chie and Oishi, Shinzaburo, editors and translation edited by Totman, Conrad, Tokugawa Japan, University of Tokyo Press, 1990.
Perrin, Noel, Giving Up the Gun: Japan's Reversion to the Sword, 1543-1879, David R. Godine Publisher, New Hampshire, 1979.
Perry, Matthew C., Narrative of the Expedition of An American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan, Coward-McCann, Inc., 1952.
Perry, Matthew C, Personal Journal of Commodore Perry, Smithsonian Institute Press
Pineau, Roger, editor, The Personal Journal of Commodore Matthew C. Perry: The Japan Expedition 1852-1854, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1968.
Redesdale, Algernon, Bertram Freeman-Mitford, Baron The Tales of Old Japan, C.C.Tuttle and Co, reprinted 1966.
Roberts, Luke, Mercantilism in a Japanese Domain, Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Sadler, A. I., The Life of Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu, Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1937.
Saikaku, Ihara, This Scheming World, Charles E. Tuttle Publishing, reprinted, 1965.
Saikaku, Ihara, translated by Robert Lyons Danley, Opening Night at the Capital, The Literary Review, Spring, 1996.
Seward, Jack, Hara-kiri: Japanese Ritual Suicide, Charles E. Tuttle Co, 1984.
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Sansom, George, A History of Japan 1615-1867, Stanford University Press, 1989.
Sato, Hiroaki, Legend of Samurai, Woodstock, New York: Overlook Press, 1995.
Screech, Timon, The Lens Within the Heart: The Western Scientific Gaze and Popular Imagery in Later Edo Japan, University of Hawaii Press, 2002.
Seigle, Cecilia Segawa, Yoshiwara: The Glittering World of the Japanese Courtesan, University of Hawaii Press, 1993.
Shikibu, Izumi, translated by Izumi Tanaka, Poem, Japan.
Siebold, Dr. Philipp Franz von, Manners and Customs of the Japanese in the Nineteenth Century, Charles E. Tuttle Co., reprinted 1973.
Statler, Oliver, The Black Ship Scroll, Charles E. Tuttle Company, Rutland, Vermont and Tokyo, Japan, reprinted 1973.
Statler, Oliver, Japanese Inn, Random House, 1961.
Tames, Richard, Servant of the Shogun, Paul Norbury Publications Limited, Kent, England, 1981.
Time Life Books, Among Samurai and Shogun: Japan AD 1000-1700, 2000.
Totman, Conrad, Tokugawa Ieyasu Shogun, Heian International Inc., 1990.
Totman, Conrad, Japan before Perry, University of California Press, 1981.
Tsunetemo, Yamamoto, The Book of the Samurai Hagakure, Kodansha International, reprinted 1983.
Waley, Paul, Tokyo Now and Then, Weatherhill Press, 1984.
Tsujo, Inoue, translated by Sumiko Urquhart and Izumi Tanaka, Tokai Nikki and Kika Nikki, Japan.
Tsunoda, Ryusaku, Wm. Theodore, De Bary, Donald Keene, Sources of Japanese Tradition, v. I and II, Columbia University Press, 1967.
Turnbull, Stephen, Samurai: The Warrior Tradition, Cassell Group, London, England, 1996.
Turnbull, Stephen, The Samurai Sourcebook, Cassell & CO., London, reprinted 2002.
Vaporis, Constantine, Breaking Barriers: Travel and the State in Early Modern Japan, Harvard University Press, 1995.
Wakabayashi, Bob Tadashi, Anti-Foreignism and Western Learning in Early-Modern Japan, Harvard University Press, 1986.
Wathall, Anne, ed., Peasant Uprisings in Japan: A Critical Anthology of Peasant Histories, University of Chicago Press, 1991.
Wiley, Peter Booth with Korogi Ichiro, Yankees in the Land of The Gods: Commodore Perry and the Opening of Japan, Viking Press, 1990.
Yuuki, Diego, Twenty-Six Martyrs of Nagasaki, Enderle Books.
Top: Takashi Collection
Left and right: Tokaido Hiroshige Museum
Many Japanese who traveled on the Tokaido kept journals detailing their adventures