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Timeline
 
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  Octavian becomes Augustus

Octavian becomes Augustus
 
  27 BC - Octavian is renamed Augustus.
Octavian, in a remarkable gesture, renounces all his powers, and transfers them to the Senate and the people of Rome. The Senate protests and grants him even greater powers. He receives the name Augustus and becomes the first Emperor of Rome. This event marks the start of the period of Pax Romana, or 'Roman Peace', seen as a time when the empire was in its glorious prime.

19 BC - Poet Virgil dies.
The poet Virgil dies, after a lifetime writing about farming and pastoral life. His unfinished epic poem, The Aeneid , which echoes popular sentiment that Rome would rise from the ruins, is published posthumously.
 
 
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Relief
The Roman Empire - In The First Century Return to Special Features Caesar Augustus Tiberius Caligula Claudius Nero Four Emperor Vespasian Titus Domitian Nerva Trajan