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SOURCE NOTE
  ABBREVIATIONS

  

 

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SOURCE NOTE ABBREVIATIONS

Abbreviations

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HS Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1970, Bicentennial Edition (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Bureau, 1975). Citations to HS are to the series number, such as A 6 (“Total Population”), not to the page number.
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SA Statistical Abstract of the United States (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Bureau, annual). Citations to SA are followed by the year and the table number, not the page number. References to SA 1998 are to the CD-ROM version, which includes more years for many of the tables.
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CB U.S. Census Bureau.
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Middletown I Robert S. Lynd and Helen Merrell Lynd, Middletown: A Study in American Culture (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1929).
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Middletown II Robert S. Lynd and Helen Merrell Lynd, Middletown in Transition: A Study in Cultural Conflicts (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1937).
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Middletown III Theodore Caplow led a team that replicated and extended the Lynds’ two original studies in the late 1970s with the support of the National Science Foundation. The main findings were published in two books: Theodore Caplow, Howard M. Bahr, Bruce A. Chadwick, Reuben Hill, and Margaret Holmes Williamson, Middletown Families: Fifty Years of Change and Continuity (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1982); and Theodore Caplow, Howard M. Bahr, Bruce A. Chadwick, Dwight W. Hoover, Laurence A. Martin, Joseph B. Tamney, and Margaret Holmes Williamson, All Faithful People: Change and Continuity in Middletown’s Religion (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1983).
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Middletown IV Theodore Caplow, Howard M. Bahr, Bruce A. Chadwick, and Vaughn R. A. Call replicated two surveys in Middletown in 1999, the High School Survey and the Community Survey.
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GPO U.S. Government Printing Office.
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WA World Almanac and Book of Facts (Mahwah, N.J.: World Almanac Books, annual). Citations to WA are followed by the year and the page number.
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NYT New York Times Almanac (New York: Penguin Reference Books, annual). Citations to NYT are followed by the year and the page number.
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GSS General Social Survey conducted roughly annually by the National Opinion Research Center; see www.norc.uchicago.edu/gss/homepage.htm and the information retrieval system at www.icpsr.umich.edu/GSS99/index.html .
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HCS Margaret Werner Cahalan, Historical Corrections Statistics in the United States, 1850–1954, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 102529 (Washington, D.C.: GPO, 1986).
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Correction for Inflation All dollar figures were converted to 1999 dollars using Consumer Price Index conversion factors found at orst.edu/dept/pol_sci/fac/sahr/cv1999.pdf (accessed August 31, 2000).
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Correction for Population Growth To standardize for population size, data from HS series A 6 and SA 1999, table 2, were used. In most cases, the total population, rather than resident population or civilian population, was used.


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