TIMELINE CREDITS: TEXT: SARAH TERRY-COBO FLASH DESIGN/PRODUCTION: SAM BAILEY/REBECCA GRAY
Pew Center on Global Climate Change
The nonprofit, nonpartisan organization was founded in 1998 to provide objective information about climate science and climate policy. Drawing on academic and industry experts, it provides analyses of climate legislation, from state to international levels.
Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
As an arm of the Department of Energy, EERE is dedicated to research on reducing energy use through efficiency and renewable resources. The office works with laboratories within the department to advance renewable technologies, while providing resources and information to help businesses and the general public reduce their energy consumption.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
This international treaty, also referred to as UNFCCC, was signed by most countries in 1992, in an effort to deal with the physical impacts of a warming climate. The UN’s site has a wealth of resources and information about annual meetings, scientific reports, and pledges of support from various countries.
Environmental Protection Agency’s Climate Change Homepage
Established in 1970, the same year as the first Earth Day was announced, the agency was tasked with reducing environmental hazards as well as undertaking research and education. It also partners with businesses and nonprofits such as the Energy Star program, which sets standards and promotes more energy efficient household appliances. According to the EPA, since Energy Star’s inception: emissions from vehicle tailpipes are 98 percent cleaner, the United States is gaining forestland and reducing soil erosion, and recycling has increased to 33 percent (up from 10 percent in 1980).
U.S. Global Change Research Program
This interagency program began in 1989 through a presidential mandate and became law in 1990. The USGCRP is designed to study “alterations in climate, land productivity, oceans or other water resources, atmospheric chemistry, and ecological systems that may alter the capacity of the Earth to sustain life.” The program combines the research of the departments of Commerce, Defense, Energy, Interior, State, Transportation, Health and Human Services, and Agriculture as well as NASA, the National Science Foundation, the Smithsonian Institute, the EPA, and the U.S. Agency for International Development.
SOURCES: John Larsen, Senior Associate in the Energy and Climate program from the World Resources Institute, California Air Resources Board, U.S. Department of Energy: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Energy Information Administration, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Environmental Protection Agency, GreenBiz.com, Library of Congress, The New York Times, Office of the Governor of the State of California, Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative, Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, The Washington Post, Western Climate Initiative, and The World Resources Institute. Interviews with Dr. Thomas Tietenberg and Dr. Daniel Kammen.