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Hans Hofmann, Artist/Teacher, Teacher/Artist Timeline of Events
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Early Years in Europe Teaching in America Birth of a Movement Celebrating a Master
1944
Hofmann’s first exhibition in New York opens at The Art of This Century Gallery, arranged by Peggy Guggenheim. “Hans Hofmann, Paintings 1941-1944” opens at The Arts Club in Chicago and travels to The Milwaukee Art Institute in December. He is also included in “Abstract and Surrealist Art in America” at the Motimer Brandt Gallery, arranged by Sidney Janis in conjunction with the release his book of the same title.
1945
Psychologist Carl Jung’s theory of the collective unconscious becomes a touchstone for Abstract Expressionists like Hofmann, Franz Kline, Lee Krasner, Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and Clyfford Still. Through the spontaneous act of gestural painting, they seek to tap into the collective human experience. Though derided by the general public, Abstract Expressionism takes hold in New York, declaring independence from European traditions and becoming the first U.S. art movement with international impact.
1945
Germany and Japan surrender to Allied forces, bringing World War II to an end.
Hofmann's LifeWorld EventsIn the Art World
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“Through a painting we can see the whole world” -Hans Hofmann, 1952
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