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Harriman Expedition Retraced



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Harriman Links

Welcome to Harriman Links, a community of web sites relating to the Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899, information on Harriman and his fellow travelers on the Elder, Alaskan Native cultures, and the science and ecology of this diverse coastal region.

The Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899
Edward H. Harriman
1899 Expedition Participants
Alaska Native Cultures
Science and Ecology of Coastal Alaska
Other Expeditions
The Harriman Alaska Expedition Retraced Partnership

The Harriman Alaska Expedition of 1899

The Harriman Alaska Expedition: Chronicles and Souvenirs May to August 1899
This Library of Congress site is an on-line facsimile of one of the several beautiful souvenir albums produced after the expedition in 1899. These albums were made under Harriman’s direct supervision, and include original maps, photographs, paintings, poems, song lyrics, and prose.

Images from the Harriman Expedition at the University of Washington
This searchable site is an on-line photograph collection that shows many of the images in the University of Washington Special Collections. In the "Keyword Search" box type in "Harriman" for an extensive set of photographs from the 1899 expedition.

Edward H. Harriman

Edward Henry Harriman by John Muir
John Muir did not know Edward Harriman before the expedition, but afterward the two men became great friends. Muir wrote an admiring biographical sketch of Harriman after his death. Originally published by Doubleday, Page and Company in 1912, the essay is reproduced on this site in its entirety.

1899 Expedition Participants

The John Burroughs Pages
Using the collections of the American Museum of Natural History Library, this site is a richly detailed introduction to Burroughs and his work. Writings, photographs, criticism and analysis of the nature writer, and news on the goings-on among John Burroughs fans these days.

Ecology Hall of Fame -- John Burroughs
A contemporary appreciation of John Burroughs and his largely-overlooked contribution to our understanding of ecology.

Photographs of Edward S. Curtis
This Library of Congress site features images from Curtis’s monumental photographic survey of Native Americans. The images include examples from each of the regions documented in Curtis’s The North American Indian: the plains, the northern Pacific coast, northern and central California, the western desert, and the central plateau.

Edward Curtis
This site presents Curtis photographs in the Smithsonian Institution's collections.

The Narrative of the Second Powell Expedition by Frederick S. Dellenbaugh
Throughout his life, Dellenbaugh was as much a writer as a painter. He kept journals during all his travels. This narrative, commissioned for the Second Powell Expedition down the Colorado River, was written when Dellenbaugh was just eighteen.

Frederick Dellenbaugh: A Register of the Dellenbaugh Collection at the Utah State Historical Society
This site, which is an indexed listing of the Dellenbaugh papers at the Utah State Historical Society, includes a biographical sketch of the artist.

William Healey Dall: To the Territories
Visit this site for a detailed history of artifact collection during the second half of the 19th century. Students will see how Dall, and his associates at the Smithsonian, spurred the drive to collect, catalog and preserve art, anthropological and cultural items from the American West, from Western Canada, and from the Alaska Territory.

Bernhard  Fernow: Fernow Forest
This tour through the Adirondack Forest trail named for Fernow includes biography and forestry information.

Louis Agassiz Fuertes
This site includes day-by-day journal entries made by Fuertes during the 1899 expedition, and links to an extensive on-line catalog of bird drawings and paintings by the artist.

Original Etchings by R. Swain Gifford
The site, while commercial, presents an extensive collection of on-line art works by Gifford.

Grove Karl Gilbert
Model Survey Geologist: G. K. Gilbert
This history of geology site highlights Gilbert’s scientific career, and includes photographs and sketches of Gilbert in the field.

George Bird Grinnell
A profile of Grinnell with a strong focus on his contributions to conservation in the United States.

John Muir: Writings of John Muir
Further selections from Muir, whose writing career spanned over four decades.

Charles Palache
This site features general information on the mineralogist and a memorial written in his honor.

William E. Ritter
Ritter was a founder of the Scripps Oceanographic Institute in California, and this highlights his contributions to the world of ocean study.

William Trelease: Antec Laboratory Ladyslipper Page
Come to this site for a picture of the flower that bears Trelease’s name, and for a look at the ways in which botanists organize information about the species they study.

Alaska Native Cultures

Alaska Native Heritage Center
This site offers extensive information on the Athabascan, Yup’ik/Cup’ik, Inupiaq, St. Lawrence Island Inupiaq, Aleut, Alutiiq, Eyak, Tlingit, Haida, and Tsimshian tribes. Information is organized by category: geographic origins/location, house types and settlements, tools and technology, social organization, clothing, transportation, trade, regalia, subsistence patterns, traditional foods, and beliefs.

Tlingit-Haida Tribal Government
This official tribal web page includes political, community, and cultural news about the Tlingit-Haida communities in Southeastern Alaska, as well as timely reports on issues relating to other Alaska Native tribes.

Sitka Tribe of Alaska
The tribal government of Sitka represents people of Tlingit, Haida, Aleut, and Tsimshian heritage. The site gives background information on the organization, history, and contemporary tribal concerns and issues.

Alutiiq People of Kodiak Island, Alaska
This web site hosts detailed information about the history and culture of the Alutiiq people of Kodiak Island, and links to the Alutiiq Museum on Kodiak.

Greatland Graphics
Publisher of Steve Langdon’s study of the Native People of Alaska and other materials on the region.


Science and Ecology of Coastal Alaska

The Alaska Geographic Alliance

Alaska Native Curriculum and Teacher Development
Topics, curriculum and resources.

Science and Math Consortium for Northwest Schools in Alaska
This site is for teachers, students and parents interested in K-12 education in science and mathematics education.  If offers information on standards, guidelines for teaching, lesson plans, and current educational issues in Alaska.

Alaska Wildlife Notebook Series
The Alaska Department of Fish and Game Wildlife Notebook Series includes descriptions of more than 100 of Alaska's wild fish and game, with listings from "abalone" to "wolverine."

Bering Sea and North Pacific Ocean Theme Page
This site is an information resource for the scientific investigation of the biology, oceanography, meteorology and ecology of the Bering Sea and North Pacific Ocean. It provides a forum for presenting and discussing new ideas, plans and research results.

Fur Seal Rookeries National Historic Landmark, the Pribilof Islands
This teaching unit is designed to introduce middle-school and high school students to the Island of St. George National Historic Landmark, its history, and people. It is also designed to provide students on St. George Island with in-depth information and strategies for learning about their past using original sources. The readings have been excerpted from a variety of sources, including oral tradition, original historic documents, government reports, and scholarly studies. Reading levels vary from 6th to 12th grade.

The Great Land: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
This site is an essential stop for any student looking at Alaska fisheries and marine mammals. The site includes five Alaska-specific curricula, including several that deal directly with the kinds of scientific inquiry carried out on the Elder.

Alaska Department of Community and Economic Development
A highly detailed listing of information summaries for communities throughout Alaska. If you’re interested in the median income in Yakutat, or the principal mode of travel in Anchorage, this is the site to visit.

Alaska Earthquake Information Center
Alaska has been the site of several tremendous earthquakes. On this site you will find records and analysis of the quakes, and a good discussion of the geology that makes part of the coast earthquake-prone today.

The Bering Sea and North Pacific Ocean
This page is an information resource for the scientific investigation of the biology, oceanography, meteorology and ecology of the Bering Sea and North Pacific Ocean. Students will find a broad discussion of new research ideas and issues in the region.

A Multimedia History of Glacier Bay, Alaska
A pictorial look at Glacier Bay that includes still and motion picture sequences.

Arctic Studies Center
The Arctic Studies Center is dedicated to the study of northern peoples, their history and environment. The site includes on-line exhibitions, and information on field research, artifact repatriation, and reports on on-going research.

Alaska Studies Teacher's Toolbox
A links-rich source for teachers, includes historical sites, science, geography, and other subject areas as well as lesson plans prepared by Alaskan teachers for use in classrooms everywhere.

Exploring Ecosystems Online
This site offers students a chance to explore the workings of an ecosystems with interactive features, including an electronic field trip experience for grades 7 - 12. Part of the "Exploring Marine Ecosystems" exhibit at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C.

Youth Area Watch Home Page
Youth Area Watch is a student-run environmental study program run by the Chugach School District in Alaska, and staffed by students from communities in the Prince William Sound area. This web page presents some of the research projects these young scientists have been working on over the past few years.

Other Expeditions 

The Challenger Oceanographic Expedition
This 1872 expedition set out to gather detailed and consistent observations of various oceanographic phenomena, establishing an oceans studies protocol that resembles modern-day scientific techniques. 

The Jason Project
This modern-day expedition web site takes students across the globe in on-line expeditions, with classroom resources and interactive science activities.  
Old School Navigation
Rice University historian Patricia Seed explains seafaring in the days before satellite charts, radar, and accurate charting.  The site shows students many examples of maps, charts, and diagrams of early sailing practices.  

Shackleton’s Antarctic Odyssey
Explorer Ernest Shackleton’s voyage to the Antarctic is a near-legendary tale of shipwreck and survival.  In 1914, Shackleton’s ship, The Endurance, was lost in the ice-choked waters of the Antarctic, the crew stranded with little hope of rescue. This site presents the expedition, making good use of the extraordinary photographs taken during the two-year ordeal.

Sustainable Seas Expeditions
This site presents information on the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Sanctuary program, with news of research expeditions around the world. The site's Sanctuary Log offers day-to-day accounts of the adventures and discoveries of the Sustainable Seas expeditions teams, and the Education section suggests lesson plans and resources for classroom use.

The Harriman Alaska Expedition Retraced Partnership

The Clark Science Center of Smith College
The Harriman Alaska Expedition Retraced originated at the Clark Science Center at Smith College, a center for science education and research. This site offers information on faculty, programs and events.

Florentine Films/Hott Productions, Inc.
Producers of fifteen award-winning PBS documentaries, this independent production company is producing the companion film for the expedition.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service
NOAA, the web site designer for the Harriman Alaska Expedition Retraced, is a government agency that describes and predicts changes in the Earth's environment, and develops conservation and management strategies for the nation’s coastal and marine resources. From this home page you can visit their sites on charting and navigation, climate, coasts, fisheries, ocean, research issues, satellite graphics and data, and weather.

The Alaska Geographic Alliance
The goal of the Alaska Geographic Alliance is to prepare Alaska's students to function effectively in a global society through the development of geographic literacy. AGA is working to impact K-12 education through teacher training and curriculum.

Gretchen's Antarctic Adventure
Gretchen Legler teaches English and Creative Writing at the University of Alaska Anchorage. She is an Associate Professor in the Department of Creative Writing and Literary Arts, and a former co-director of the UAA Program in Women's Studies. She has written and published widely as a freelance newspaper reporter and magazine writer. Her first book of essays, All The Powerful Invisible Things: A Sportswoman's Notebook, was published by Seal Press in 1995. Her essays have appeared in many anthologies, including Uncommon Waters: Women Write About Fishing, and American Nature Writing 1997. She is the winner of two Pushcart Prizes.

Gretchen traveled to Antarctica in 1997-1998 as part of the United States National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs Artists and Writers Program. She explored such places as McMurdo Station and environs, the South Pole, the Dry Valleys, remote field camps and more. The Artists and Writers Program allows artists and writers of all kinds (photographers, painters, musicians, writers of children's literature, science writers and more) to explore and express their vision of this remarkable continent.
Her web page was designed to provide information about Antarctica and updates for family and friends while Gretchen was traveling, as well as provide educational opportunities for elementary and secondary school students in Alaska who were studying the Antarctic. Post-trip, the website still offers a source of imaginatively presented information about the Great White South.

The National Museum of Natural History Repatriation Office
National Museum of the American Indian Act (NMAI Act). Repatriation at the Museum is a collaborative process in which Museum staff work with tribal representatives to determine the disposition of human remains and cultural objects under the law. Cooperative relations founded upon the repatriation effort promise to strengthen the Native voice and perspective at the Smithsonian, an institution historically committed to understanding and interpreting Native cultures of the Americas and the world.

PBS Online
PBS Online is the comprehensive companion web site for more than 400 PBS television programs and specials, as well as original web content and real-time learning adventures. With more than 85,000 pages of content to explore, visitors can delve further into subjects from news to history and the arts to science and technology.




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