Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS
china at a glance early ed in china diversity in the classroom about the show resources Map of China Factoids Cultural History Precious Children home
Precious Children
main navigation
China at a Glance navigation
  Factoids:
Background Information and Statistics on China
 

  China
Official name: People's Republic of China (PRC)
Capital: Beijing
Official language: Mandarin (also known as pu tong hua)
Other languages: Yue, Wu, Hakka, Gan, Minbei, Minnan plus many other local dialects

bicycle rider with bread in street Geography
Size: 3,696,100 square miles (9,596,960 square km)
Climate: Tropical in south to sub-arctic in north
Urban density: 29% of the total population live in the major cities; 71% live in rural China
(source: World Almanac)

People
Nationality: Chinese (singular and plural)
Ethnic groups: Han Chinese 91.9%; Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uygur, Yi, Mongolian, Tibetan, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities--8.1%.
Population (1997 est.): 1.22 billion
Population growth rate (1997 est.): 0.93%
Infant mortality rate: 37.9 per 1,000
Life expectancy: 70.0 years (overall); 68.6 years for males, 71.5 years for females.
Religions: Officially atheist; Taoism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity
Literacy rate: 82%
Education: 9 years compulsory
Work force (699 million): Agriculture and forestry (60%), industry and commerce (25%), other (15%)

boy does caligraphy Government
Led by the Chinese Communist Party, though only 5% of the population are registered as Party members (source: U.S. State Dept.)
People's Republic established on October 1, 1949 (National Day) (chronological index of Chinese dynasties)

Branches:
Executive:
President (Jiang Zemin), Vice-President (Hu Jintao), State Council, Premier (Zhu Rongji)
Legislative:
National People's Congress
Judicial:
Supreme People's Court
 

 
Video | Feedback | Credits

Precious Children Home | KCTS Home | PBS Home