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Emerging Middle East
 
Sick Man of Europe

Map: Ottoman Empire 1914


The Ottoman Empire in 1914 was commonly known as 'the sick man of Europe', a sign that the once-great power was crumbling.

The Turks had dominated the Eastern Mediterranean for half a millennium, controlling vast swathes of Central Europe, Arab lands as far down as Egypt and had at one stage been knocking on the doors of Vienna and Venice.

By the 20th century all that remained in Ottoman hands outside Turkey was Syria, Mesopotamia, Palestine and parts of the Arabian Peninsula.

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Europe | Ottoman Empire | Egypt | Mecca | Arab Revolt | Palestine | Syria | Modern Middle East

 
  Turkish soldiers  
  The Ottoman Empire existed for more than 500 years stretching across Central Europe and the Middle East.

 


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