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With the fall of the Soviet Union, so collapsed the global status quo. As nations and international institutions struggle for position in the new world order, the United States must define its role once again. Americans must consider the potentials, proper uses, and limits of American power.

Add your concerns and solutions to the map.

E.O. Wilson photo by Robin Holland
On Blackwater and national security: "I think we're in the midst of the most radical privatization agenda in our nation's history. We of course see it in schools. We see it in the health care system, in prisons. And now, we're seeing it full blown in the war machine. What I ultimately see as the real threat here is that the system of the very existence of the nation state I think is at stake here. Because you have companies now that have been funded with billions of dollars in public money using that money to then build up the infrastructure of private armies some of which could take out a small national military. And the old model used to be if a company wants to go into Nigeria for instance and exploit oil, they have to work with the juntas forces in order to do that. Now, you can just bring in your own private military force."

Watch Bill Moyers' interview with investigative reporter Jeremy Scahill.

Brian Fishman
On a polarized world: "You know, there's a title of a book that's come into parlance now. CLASH OF CIVILIZATIONS. There are a lot of people, I think, both in the West and in the Muslim world, who believe in clash of civilizations. Who want to see the world as a place dominated by two irrevocably hostile blocs. I don't want to live in that kind of world. I think that we live in an interconnected world full of rich, flawed, varied civilizations that are inextricably intertwined. And, so what I'm doing in Afghanistan, is working for that intertwined world."

Watch Sarah Chayes talk about her aid work in Afghanistan on BILL MOYERS JOURNAL.

Fawaz Gerges photo by Robin Holland
On Iraq and the terrorism: "What did Iraq have to do with the war on terror? The administration's argument [that] we have to stay in Iraq in order to win the war against al Qaeda does not make sense. In fact, the opposite is true. The longer we stay in Iraq — the longer we stay in Iraq, the more we help al Qaeda spread its ideology and tactics. And al Qaeda ideology and tactics are truly spreading into many communities in the Arab and Muslim world."

Watch the interview with Fawaz Gerges and Brian Fishman.

Jack Goldsmith photo by Robin Holland
On working in the Bush administration: "David Addington once said to me — he was the vice-president's counsel — and he once said to me when I advised that I didn't think something they wanted to do was lawful, he once said to me, 'If you rule that way, then you will have the blood of 100,000 people who die in the next attack on your hands.' Those were the stakes that we were considering. Now, obviously that meant that I did everything I could, bent over backwards, to try to find a lawful way for the president to do what he wanted. So that was the atmosphere in which we were making decisions every day."

Watch the full interview with the Bush Administration's former head of the Office of Legal Council, Jack Goldsmith.

Melissa Harris Lacewell photo by Robin Holland
On democracy in the Middle East: "And the irony is the only country in the Middle East that has a genuine grass roots democratic and even secular movement is our number one enemy, Iran. That country has a movement every bit as promising as what we saw in Eastern Europe and in other countries. And yet we're almost at war with Iran. And I think if we do go to war with Iran it will set that movement back 30 years. So, it seems like the therefore is countries have to find their own way to democracy. We can help. But we can't force it. "

Watch Bill Moyers' interview with NPR's Deborah Amos and THE NEW YORKER's George Packer.

References and Reading:
A two-part special series that tells the epic story of how the Iraq war began and how it has been fought, both on the ground and deep inside the government. "Over Here: Iraq the Place vs. Iraq the Abstraction"
by George Packer for WORLD AFFAIRS, Winter 2008.

Blackwater Reporting by Jeremy Scahill:
"As President Bush pledges another $10 billion to stabilize and rebuild Afghanistan, and a spring offensive is expected against a resurgent Taliban, FRONTLINE/World correspondent Sam Kiley reports from the frontlines of the conflict, where dual battles are being fought to win the trust of the Afghan people and combat the extremists living among them. In the film, Kiley and his crew are granted unprecedented access to the outgoing British NATO commander David Richards who led 37,000 troops from 37 countries."

BBC News In Depth: One Day in Afghanistan
"The BBC News Web site reported in detail on events in Afghanistan throughout one entire day back on 2005, in order to try to convey the fullest picture we could of life there ahead of parliamentary and local elections."

UC Berkeley Library:Afghanistan and the US
The Library at UC Berkeley has compiled a large number of Internet resources regarding many aspects of life and politics in Afghanistan, including: political parties and groups, rebuilding Afghanistan, voices of peace, effects of the recent war and the Taliban.

"From Pomegranates to Poppies
By Mohammad Ilyas Dayee, November 27, 2007.
Read more about Afghans switching back to growing opium in this story written for the Institute for War and Peace Reporting.

National Intelligence Estimate: The Terrorist Threat to the US Homeland
"Al-Qa-'ida is and will remain the most serious threat to the Homeland, as it's central leadership continues to plan high-impact plots, while pushing others in extreme Sunni communities to mimic its efforts and to supplement its capabilities." Read the latest assessment from the NYT Ombudsmen regarding use of the word "Al Qaeda" inconnection to the Iraq war
"And in using the language of the administration, the newspaper has alsofailed at times to distinguish between Al Qaeda, the group that attacked the United States on Sept. 11, and AlQaeda in Mesopotamia, an Iraqi group that didn't even exist until after the American invasion."

Military and Defense
"Proposed Military Spending is Highest Since WWII"
by Thom Shanker, THE NEW YORK TIMES, February 4, 2008.

Blog that tracks defense spending and trends in the military.

Think Tanks
World Security Institute
"The World Security Institute (WSI) is a non-profit organization committed to independent research and journalism on global affairs and security."

Center for Strategic and International Studies
"A bipartisan, nonprofit organization headquartered in Washington, DC, CSIS conducts research and analysis and develops policy initiatives that look into the future and anticipate change."

Council on Foreign Relations
This nonpartisan research group has prepared various reports about Al Qaeda and its connections to Iraq including:
The Henry L. Stimson Center
"The Henry L. Stimson Center offers practical, nonpartisan, creative solutions to the problems of national and international security through research projects of the highest quality."

Related Media:
Bill Moyers on a new documentary that explores America's debate over torture tactics.

Buying the War
BILL MOYERS JOURNAL asks what went wrong in the press coverage before the war in Iraq.

Body of War
Bill Moyers interviews former talk show host Phil Donahue and Ellen Spiro on the true cost of war and their documentary, BODY OF WAR, depicting the moving story of one veteran dealing with the aftermath of war.

Takin' it to the streets
Bill Moyers asks why the news media is overlooking today's protestors.

Clip File: Iraq
Bill Moyers examines underreported stories about the Iraq war.

MOYERS on 2008
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