adjective A word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun.
adverb A word that can describe verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. To find out if a word is an adverb, see if it answers the question how, how often, when, or to what extent.
article "a," "an," or "the." These words are considered adjectives because they give a bit of information about the noun they refer to.
conjugating Taking a verb and seeing how it changes with different subjects.
conjunction A word that provides a transition between sentences and parts of sentences. Some examples of conjunction are "and," "but," "or," and "therefore."
demonstrative adjective "this," "that," "these," or "those." These adjectives point out the noun that is referred to (e.g., "This is the book I want"). They can also function as demonstrative pronouns.
grammar A description of how words fit together in sentences.
interjection A short word or phrase that doesn't play any grammatical role in the sentence, other than to express emotion or surprise (e.g., Wow!)
noun A person, place, thing, or idea.
collective noun A noun that refers to a group of nouns (e.g., family).
common nouns Nouns that are, well, common. Another way to think of a common noun is that it's just one of a class of things (e.g., bat).
compound noun Two nouns joined together in some way to form one noun. Compound nouns can be two separate words (e.g., bicycle trail), connected by a hyphen (e.g., twenty-three), or just one big word (e.g., classroom).
proper noun A noun that refers to a specific person, place, or thing. All proper nouns are capitalized in English (e.g., Mrs. Pennyburg).
preposition A word that shows other words, usually nouns, relate in terms of time and space (e.g., across, by, at, through).
pronoun A word we substitute in the place of a noun.
demonstrative pronoun A noun that specifies, or demonstrates, exactly which noun we're referring to. The most common demonstrative pronouns are "this," "that," these," and "those." Demonstrative pronouns are usually used to point to something.
personal pronoun A pronoun that refers to a specific person, place, object, thing, concept or idea. The most common personal pronouns are "I," "you," "he," "she," "it," "we," and "they."
possessive pronoun A pronoun that shows possession. The most common possessive pronouns are "my," "mine," "your," "yours," "his," "her," "hers," "its," "our," "ours," "their," and "theirs."
first person singular "I."
second person singular "you."
third person singular "he," "she," and "it."
first person plural "we."
second person plural "you all." The second personal plural is rarely used in Standard Edited American English.
third person plural "they."
noun's number Refers to whether a noun is singular or plural.
plural noun A noun that refers to more than one object.
singular noun A noun that refers to one object.
Standard Edited American English (SEAE) The grammar used most often in the U.S. in textbooks, magazines, newspapers, business letters and memos.
verb The action of a sentence. A verb is a word that shows an action or describes a state of being. It tells us what the nouns and pronouns are doing in our sentences.