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The Life and Times of Frida Kahlo
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In This Section:
Honestly Frida
Photo Gallery
People in Frida's World
Timeline

Timeline

Choose a decade to explore: 1900s1910s1920s1930s1940s1950s


1930 Frida Kahlo

At three months Frida must terminate her pregnancy due to medical complications, and she finds out that in all likelihood, she will not be able to carry a child to term because of the injuries sustained in 1925. Frida and Diego move to San Francisco, Calif., and become reacquainted with Dr. Leo Eloesser, whom they had met in Mexico in 1926. He becomes a trusted friend and medical adviser.

Works Completed:
Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera (sketch)
Self-Portrait
Portrait of Lupe Marin

World and U.S. Events

The Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act, signed by President Hoover, brings U.S. tariffs to the highest protective level yet. Domestic unemployment exceeds 4 million. The planet Pluto is discovered. Grant Woods paints American Gothic.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944); Bauhaus (1919-1930); Art deco (1920-1930); Surrealism (1920-1930s); Harlem Renaissance (1920-1930s)

1931 Frida Kahlo

The couple returns to Mexico for five months, and then travels back to New York City. The painting Frida and Diego Rivera is shown at the Sixth Annual Exhibit of the San Francisco Society of Women Artists.

Works Completed:
Frida and Diego Rivera (Wedding Portrait)
Luther Burbank

World and U.S. Events

The Scottsboro Affair, a racially charged trial, gives birth to the civil rights movement. Salvador Dali finishes The Persistence of Memory.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944); Surrealism (1920-1930s); Harlem Renaissance (1920-1930s)

1932 Frida Kahlo

Frida and Diego move to Detroit, Mich., where Frida suffers a miscarriage and spends 13 days in the Henry Ford Hospital. Frida receives a telegram informing her that her mother is dying. Frantically, she returns to Mexico. Her mother dies on Sept. 14.

Works Completed:
Henry Ford Hospital
Self-Portrait on the Borderline Between Mexico and the United States
My Birth

World and U.S. Events

Gandhi begins civil disobedience against British rule in India. Writers Sherwood Anderson, Erskine Caldwell and John DosPassos publicly endorse the Communist Party in the United States.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944); Surrealism (1920-1930s); Harlem Renaissance (1920-1930s)

1933 Frida Kahlo

Diego receives a Rockefeller Center commission to paint a mural and the couple moves to New York. Diego portrays Lenin in the mural and the commission is rescinded. The couple returns to Mexico. Upon their return, Frida and Diego oversee the building of their new home; its design calls for two separate residences – one for Frida and one for Diego – linked by a bridge.

Works Completed:
Self-Portrait With Necklace
Self-Portrait "Very Ugly"
My Dress Hangs There

World and U.S. Events

Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected U.S. president and he works to implement the New Deal program. Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany. Prohibition ends. Fiorella La Guardia is elected mayor of New York City, in place of the corrupt Tammany Hall.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944); Surrealism (1920-1930s); Harlem Renaissance (1920-1930s)

1934 Frida Kahlo

Frida is again hospitalized, this time for foot surgery, and several toes are removed. Her third pregnancy is also terminated. Diego and Frida separate after he has an affair with her sister, Cristina.

Mexico

Gen. Lazaro Cardenas is elected president of Mexico and begins a program of agrarian reform, which redistributes land.

World and U.S. Events

The Federal Communications Commission is created to regulate interstate and international communications. The "Dust Bowl" loses 300 million tons of topsoil, which is blown into the Atlantic as a result of prolonged drought in the Midwest.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944); Surrealism (1920-1930s); Harlem Renaissance (1920-1930s)

1935 Frida Kahlo

Frida has an affair with the sculptor Isamu Noguchi. Frida and Diego eventually reunite.

Works Completed:
A Few Small Nips
Self-Portrait With Curly Hair

World and U.S. Events

Congress passes the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act), reasserting workers' rights to collective bargaining. The Social Security Act is made law. Artists in the Work Progress Administration are paid to decorate federal buildings.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944); Surrealism (1920-1930s); Harlem Renaissance (1920-1930s)

1936 Frida Kahlo

Frida and Deigo help arrange asylum for Russian communist Leon Trotsky and his wife, Natalia. The couple raises money for the republicans fighting against Franco's forces in the Spanish Civil War, and Diego joins the Trotskyite International Communist League.

Works Completed:
My Grandparents, My Parents and I

World and U.S. Events

The Spanish Civil War and Stalin's "Great Purge" begin. Franklin D. Roosevelt is reelected as U.S. president.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944);

1937 Frida Kahlo

Leon Trotsky and wife, Natalia, move into the Blue House. Frida and Diego take precautions to protect their political guests. Frida has an affair with Trotsky.

Works Completed:
Portrait of Diego Rivera
Behind the Curtains (self-portrait dedicated to Leon Trotsky)
Self-Portrait With Bed
My Nurse and Me
Recuerdo
Me and My Doll
Memory
Fulang-Chang and I

World and U.S. Events

The United Auto Workers go on strike. Police kill 10 union steel strikers in Chicago, which becomes known as the Memorial Day Massacre. Amelia Earhart and her navigator, Fred Noonan, disappear while attempting to fly around the world. Pablo Picasso paints Guernica.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944);

1938 Frida Kahlo

Surrealist poet and essayist André Breton and his wife, Jacqueline Lamba, stay with the Riveras. Although Frida finds André pretentious, he becomes one of her biggest admirers. Edward G. Robinson buys four self-portraits and Frida stages her first solo exhibition in New York at the Levy Gallery.

Works Completed:
Fruits of the Earth
Self-Portrait With Monkey
What the Water Gave Me
Still Life With Prickly Pears
Self-Portrait With Itzcuintli Dog
Four Inhabitants of Mexico
Girl With Death Mask
The Frame
Pitahayas

World and U.S. Events

Congress passes the Fair Labor Standards Act, establishing the minimum wage. Hitler annexes Austria.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944);

1939 Frida Kahlo

Frida and American photographer Nikolas Muray become lovers. Frida sets sail for France and stays with the Bretons in Paris, travels to New York in March, and is back in Mexico by April. Frida and Diego are divorced by the end of the year. Trotsky quarrels with Diego. He and his wife move out of the Blue House into their own apartment.

Works Completed:
The Two Fridas
The Suicide of Dorothy Hale
Earth Itself (Two Nudes)

World and U.S. Events

Hitler invades Poland. Great Britain and France declare war. Grandma Moses becomes a popular folk artist.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944);

For more information on the Art Movements listed in the timeline, visit the Glossary in our Educational Guides section.

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Choose a decade to explore: 1900s1910s1920s1930s1940s1950s



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