Visit Your Local PBS Station PBS Home PBS Home Programs A-Z TV Schedules Watch Video Donate Shop PBS Search PBS
EnglishEspañol
The Life and Times of Frida Kahlo
Frida KahloLife of FridaWorks of ArtUnderstanding Frida TodayEducational GuidesAbout the FilmResources


In This Section:
Honestly Frida
Photo Gallery
People in Frida's World
Timeline

Timeline

Choose a decade to explore: 1900s1910s1920s1930s1940s1950s


1940 Frida Kahlo

Frida travels without Diego to San Francisco, Calif., to see Dr. Eloesser. She has a short affair with the art dealer Heinz Berggruen. Frida and Diego remarry in December. Leon Trotsky is attacked by an assassin wielding a pickax and dies shortly thereafter.

Works Completed:
Self-Portrait With Cropped Hair
Self-Portrait With Monkey
The Dream or The Bed
The Wounded Table
Self-Portrait Dedicated to Dr. Eloesser

Mexico

Bolshevik revolutionary and Frida's former lover, Leon Trotsky is assassinated in Mexico.

World and U.S. Events

Winston Churchill becomes prime minister of Great Britain. Germany launches war against England and begins its persecution of Poles, Romanians and Dutch Jews. Walt Disney's Fantasia premieres.

Art Movements

Modernism (1890-1940); Futurism (1909-1944); Abstract Expressionalism (1940-1960s)

1941 Frida Kahlo

Frida's father dies in April and her depression over this loss exacerbates her poor health. Her work is included in the "Modern Mexican Painters" exhibit at the Institution of Modern Art in Boston.

Works Completed:
Self-Portrait
Self-Portrait With Braids
Self-Portrait With Red and Gold Dress
Self-Portrait With Bonito
Me and My Parrots

World and U.S. Events

The Japanese attack Pearl Harbor. The Lend-Lease Act is passed, allowing the president to lend or lease war matériel to nations whose defense is considered necessary for the United States. A. Phillip Randolph's organization, the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, threatens to march on Washington, D.C., to protest racism in wartime employment. Orson Welles' Citizen Cane premieres.

Art Movements

Futurism (1909-1944); Abstract Expressionalism (1940-1960s)

1942 Frida Kahlo

Frida's works are included in the exhibit "20th-Century Portraits" at the Museum of Modern Art.

Works Completed:
Self-Portrait With Monkey and Parrot

Mexico

The Emergency Labor Program is adopted by Mexico and the United States, allowing Mexicans to work in the United States for a fixed period of time.

World and U.S. Events

Racism and fear prompt the internment of thousands of Japanese-Americans in camps to begin in the United States. Robert Oppenheimer's Manhattan Project is created to coordinate the design of the atom bomb.

Art Movements

Futurism (1909-1944); Abstract Expressionalism (1940-1960s)

1943 Frida Kahlo

Frida joins the faculty of the Education Ministry's School of Painting and Sculpture (La Esmeralda). After a few months, she no longer teaches at the school due to poor health. Instead, students come to the Blue House to take art classes.

Works Completed:
Roots
Diego on My Mind
The Bride Who is Frightened to See Life Open
Self-Portrait With Monkeys
Portrait of Mrs. Natasha Gelman
Thinking About Death

World and U.S. Events

The Harlem race riots break out. A white mob kills 25 in Detroit. The Pentagon is built.

Art Movements

Futurism (1909-1944); Abstract Expressionalism (1940-1960s)

1944 Frida Kahlo

With her health declining, Frida begins keeping a diary to console herself.

Works Completed:
Portrait of Dona Rosita Morillo
Diego and Frida
The Broken Column

World and U.S. Events

The GI Bill of Rights is passed. Franklin D. Roosevelt is reelected as U.S. president again. France is liberated by Allied forces. Lillian Smith publishes Strange Fruit, a story about racial tensions and lynchings in the South.

Art Movements

Futurism (1909-1944); Abstract Expressionalism (1940-1960s)

1945 Frida Kahlo

Mexican photographer Lola Alvarez Bravo takes a series of photos of Frida.

Works Completed:
Without Hope
Self-Portrait With Small Monkey
Moses

World and U.S. Events

The United States drops atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. WWII ends. Harry S. Truman becomes U.S. president. The United Nations is established. George Orwell's Animal Farm, a fable about the failure of communism, is published.

Art Movements

Abstract Expressionalism (1940-1960s)

1946 Frida Kahlo

The Ministry of Education awards Frida the National Prize of Arts and Sciences. In June, Frida undergoes a bone-graft operation. She begins hallucinating in reaction to the large doses of morphine she is taking for pain.

Works Completed:
The Little Deer
Tree of Hope


World and U.S. Events

Winston Churchill coins the term "iron curtain." Dr. Benjamin Spock's The Commonsense Book of Baby and Child Care is published.

Art Movements

Abstract Expressionalism (1940-1960s)

1947 Frida Kahlo

Diego is hospitalized for bronchial pneumonia.

Works Completed:
Self-Portrait With Loose Hair

Mexico

Harry Truman becomes the first U.S. president to visit Mexico.

World and U.S. Events

India gains independence from Great Britain. The National Security Agency creates the Department of Defense and Central Intelligence Agency. Jackie Robinson joins the Brooklyn Dodgers.

Art Movements

Abstract Expressionalism (1940-1960s)

1948 Frida Kahlo

Frida reapplies to the Communist Party and is approved.

Works Completed:
Self-Portrait

World and U.S. Events

Gandhi is assassinated. Jackson Pollock, abstract expressionist, creates Composition Number 1.

Art Movements

Abstract Expressionalism (1940-1960s)

1949 Frida Kahlo

Frida's right foot becomes gangrenous.

Works Completed:
The Love Embrace of the Universe, the Earth (Mexico), Me, and Senor Xolotl
Diego and I

World and U.S. Events

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is founded. The Soviet Union lifts the Berlin Blockade and divides Germany into East and West Germany. Mao Tse Tung takes power in China.

Art Movements

Abstract Expressionalism (1940-1960s)

For more information on the Art Movements listed in the timeline, visit the Glossary in our Educational Guides section.

back to top



Choose a decade to explore: 1900s1910s1920s1930s1940s1950s



Check local listings »