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The Challenge: Make Ice



Although in the end ice eluded us, we came incredibly close and proved that a cooling effect, even in such high temperatures, could be achieved.

The scientists look for iceWeb Links

The producers are not responsible for the content of external websites.

Ice:
Physics lecture notes on Pressure from the University of New South Wales, Australia website
Latent heat on the Nelson Physics pages of the Nelson Thomson Learning website
How do Snowflakes Form on the About.com site (gives lots of links to other sites about ice)

Wood distillation
Distillation of wood lab in the Interactive Lab Works section on the ThinkQuest Library of Entries site - find out what happens when you heat wood splints in a test tube without burning them.
Pine Tar - History and Uses by Theodore P. Kaye on the San Francisco Maritime National Park Association site.

Alcohol
Distillation and Alcohol on the Hampden-Sydney College Department of Chemistry site.
Comprehensive look at alcohol distillation (an excerpt from ‘The Household Cyclopedia of General Information’ published in 1881) from the Public Bookshelf site
Increasing Alcohol Through Azeotropes on the Colorado School of Mines site
Mother’s Mash Recipes for Alcohol Production from Mother’s Alcohol Fuel Seminar on the Journey to Forever site
Alcohol Chemistry from the Dawson College website

Ether
How to Make Ether (an excerpt from ‘The Household Cyclopedia of General Information’ published in 1881) from the Public Bookshelf site
Ether and Alcohol from The Silver Sunbeam by John Towler on the Albumen website
The composition and structure of ether on the Classes pages on the Yale University site

Books

Advanced Physics by Tom Duncan, John Murray 2000; ISBN: 0719576695

Physics of Ice by Victor F. Petrenko and Robert W. Whitworth, Oxford University Press, 2002; ISBN: 0198518943

Handbook of Chemistry and Physics by David R. Lide PhD, CRC Press, 2001; ISBN: 0849304822