The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
A revealing portrait of one of America's most paradoxical leaders.
A look at five real-life "Rosies," the reality of working in defense plants during World War II and then having to give up those jobs for returning GIs.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.
The Battle of the Bulge was the biggest and bloodiest single battle American soldiers ever fought.
The international race to develop biological weapons during the 20th century.
Harry Truman was responsible for finding America's place at the start of the Cold War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
His stunning triumph at the 1936 Olympic Games captivated the world even as it infuriated the Nazis. Premiering May 1.
The first officially formed regiment of northern black soldiers who fought in the Civil War.