The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
With over a million already dead, heroic American soldiers and nurses served in the closing battles of World War I.
American comandante William Morgan went to Cuba to help Fidel Castro return the country to a democracy. Instead, four years later, he was executed.
The first officially formed regiment of northern black soldiers who fought in the Civil War.
The Battle of the Bulge was the biggest and bloodiest single battle American soldiers ever fought.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.
Two days in 1967 revealed a nation divided over a war that continues to haunt us.
President Woodrow Wilson lead America during World War I, created the Federal Reserve, and helped create the League of Nations. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.