The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
Harry Truman was responsible for finding America's place at the start of the Cold War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
A minute-by-minute account, on both sides of the Pacific, leading up to the surprise attack on the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor.
Two days in 1967 revealed a nation divided over a war that continues to haunt us.
The staggering death tolls of the Civil War permanently altered the character of the republic and the psyche of the American people.
The stories of ordinary people in the tumultuous years after the Civil War, when America struggled to rebuild the Union.
The U.S. and the Soviet Union race to build the hydrogen bomb during the Cold War, thus beginning the nuclear arms race.
On June 6, 1944, Allied troops invaded Normandy, fighting to free Europe from Nazi occupation and end World War II.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.