The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
A look at five real-life "Rosies," the reality of working in defense plants during World War II and then having to give up those jobs for returning GIs.
The Battle of the Bulge was the biggest and bloodiest single battle American soldiers ever fought.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.
The stories of ordinary people in the tumultuous years after the Civil War, when America struggled to rebuild the Union.
During the defining months of the offensive against Germany, American forces faced a moral and strategic dilemma.
Franklin Roosevelt restored hope after the Great Depression and led the nation during World War II. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.
The international race to develop biological weapons during the 20th century.