The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
The story of the dramatic post-World War II tribunal that brought Nazi leaders to justice and defines trial procedure for state criminals to this day.
President Woodrow Wilson lead America during World War I, created the Federal Reserve, and helped create the League of Nations. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.
The international race to develop biological weapons during the 20th century.
Harry Truman was responsible for finding America's place at the start of the Cold War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
A nation comes of age.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.
American comandante William Morgan went to Cuba to help Fidel Castro return the country to a democracy. Instead, four years later, he was executed.