Led by physicist Robert Noyce, Fairchild Semiconductor began as a start-up company whose radical innovations would help make the United States a leader in both space exploration and the personal computer revolution, changing the way the world works, plays, and communicates. Noyce's invention of the microchip ultimately re-shaped the future.
Premiering February 5, 2013 at 9pm ET.
General Douglas MacArthur led American troops in World Wars I and II before being fired by President Harry Truman during the Korean War.
In 1969, homosexuality was illegal in almost every state... but that was about to change. The Stonewall riots marked a major turning point in the modern gay civil rights movement.
Thoroughbred racehorse Seabiscuit was the long shot that captured America's heart during the Depression.
Intrepid journalist Nelly Bly went on a journey around the world breaking the record of Julius Verne's fictional character.
In 1934, American polar explorer Richard Byrd became the first to experience winter in Antarctica's interior.
Prohibition's effect on Detroit, Michigan, the first major American city to "go dry," and the growth of the liquor smuggling industry.
America's first great songwriter, Stephen Foster, wrote 200 songs but died a penniless alcoholic at 37.
Though first seen only as an expensive luxury, Alexander Graham Bell's telephone soon transformed American life and became a necessity.