The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
During the defining months of the offensive against Germany, American forces faced a moral and strategic dilemma.
In the summer of 1940, 10,000 children were sent from wartime Britain to the United States.
The U.S. and the Soviet Union race to build the hydrogen bomb during the Cold War, thus beginning the nuclear arms race.
Two days in 1967 revealed a nation divided over a war that continues to haunt us.
A nation comes of age.
Joseph Goebbels, the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany, was the mastermind behind Adolf Hitler's success.
A brilliant scientist, Oppenheimer was tasked with the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.
Harry Truman was responsible for finding America's place at the start of the Cold War. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.