The Mariana Islands are located 1,500 miles from Japan in the Central Pacific. In 1944 this proximity made them strategically important to the U.S. war effort. The U.S. Army Air Forces wanted to use the islands as launching pads for B-29 bomber attacks on Japanese targets. The islands were also crucial for the Japanese, who had 30,000 troops stationed on the island of Saipan to stop the American advance.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.
Joseph Goebbels, the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany, was the mastermind behind Adolf Hitler's success.
Winner, 2010 Peabody Award --- The 1968 My Lai massacre, its subsequent cover-up, and the soldiers who broke ranks to bring the atrocity to light.
In the early 1830s, Texas, ruled by Mexico, held 20,000 U.S. settlers and 4,000 Mexican Tejanos, forcing residents to pick sides.
A look at five real-life "Rosies," the reality of working in defense plants during World War II and then having to give up those jobs for returning GIs.
A minute-by-minute account, on both sides of the Pacific, leading up to the surprise attack on the U.S. fleet at Pearl Harbor.
The U.S. and the Soviet Union race to build the hydrogen bomb during the Cold War, thus beginning the nuclear arms race.
Ten years after American troops arrived in South Vietnam, communists seized Saigon in an attack that brought the war to a startling conclusion.