Translation: May 30, 1945. Propaganda leaflet dropped by an enemy plane
Following bloody struggles over territory across the Pacific and the devastating U.S. firebombing of Tokyo, B-29s carried a non-lethal payload over Japan: leaflets urging the Japanese people to surrender. Though the war in Europe had ended with Germany's unconditional surrender, the Pacific war continued, with casualties mounting to staggering heights on both sides. The U.S. would drop similar leaflets three months later, around the time atomic weapons were used at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Source: The Center of the Tokyo Raid and War Damages/Tokyo Fire Museum. Used with permission. Translation courtesy of Prof. Wesley M. Jacobsen, East Asian Languages and Civilizations Department, Harvard University.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.
A revealing portrait of one of America's most paradoxical leaders.
This 11-hour series analyzes the costs and consequences of the war that changed a generation and continues to color American thinking today.
Lyndon Johnson pushed progressive programs before the Vietnam War eroded his support. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
America's Robin Hood who robbed not only the rich but the poor and defenseless as well, always saving the treasure for himself. Part of the Wild West collection.
During the defining months of the offensive against Germany, American forces faced a moral and strategic dilemma.
The Alaskan Highway stands today as one of the boldest homeland security initiatives ever undertaken.
On June 6, 1944, Allied troops invaded Normandy, fighting to free Europe from Nazi occupation and end World War II.