Translation: May 30, 1945. Propaganda leaflet dropped by an enemy plane
Following bloody struggles over territory across the Pacific and the devastating U.S. firebombing of Tokyo, B-29s carried a non-lethal payload over Japan: leaflets urging the Japanese people to surrender. Though the war in Europe had ended with Germany's unconditional surrender, the Pacific war continued, with casualties mounting to staggering heights on both sides. The U.S. would drop similar leaflets three months later, around the time atomic weapons were used at Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Source: The Center of the Tokyo Raid and War Damages/Tokyo Fire Museum. Used with permission. Translation courtesy of Prof. Wesley M. Jacobsen, East Asian Languages and Civilizations Department, Harvard University.
A look at five real-life "Rosies," the reality of working in defense plants during World War II and then having to give up those jobs for returning GIs.
The stories of ordinary people in the tumultuous years after the Civil War, when America struggled to rebuild the Union.
American prisoners of war in North Vietnam tell of their experiences at the Hanoi Hilton and other notorious prisons.
On June 6, 1944, Allied troops invaded Normandy, fighting to free Europe from Nazi occupation and end World War II.
Robert E. Lee, the leading Confederate general of the American Civil War, remains a source of fascination and, for some, veneration.
From the Revolutionary War to Operation Desert Storm - newly discovered letters read by celebrity actors tell of courage, longing, and sacrifice.
The U.S. government's response to the Holocaust was slow and fueled by complex social and political factors.
The first officially formed regiment of northern black soldiers who fought in the Civil War.