Translation: "If the war continues the result will be destruction of the homeland of Japan. This is an obvious fact. The longer the war continues, the greater will be the work in reconstructing the nation after the war, and the nation's resources will be forever impoverished. It is an easy matter to sacrifice one's life for the nation. But true loylaty is to put an end to the war and to work toward reconstructing the nation."
Source: The Center of the Tokyo Raid and War Damages/Tokyo Fire Museum. Used with permission. Translation courtesy of Prof. Wesley M. Jacobsen, East Asian Languages and Civilizations Department, Harvard University.
A look at five real-life "Rosies," the reality of working in defense plants during World War II and then having to give up those jobs for returning GIs.
After the Soviet blockade of West Berlin, British and American pilots delivered tons of food and fuel to the German city by airplane for nearly a year.
The story of a Vietnamese mother, the Amerasian daughter she sent away for adoption, and their reunion 22 years after the Vietnam War.
During World War II, more than a thousand women signed up to fly with the U.S. military as WASPS.
While the U.N. debated strategies for control of atomic energy, the U.S. Navy was preparing for nuclear tests on Bikini Island.
The first officially formed regiment of northern black soldiers who fought in the Civil War.
General Douglas MacArthur led American troops in World Wars I and II before being fired by President Harry Truman during the Korean War.
In the Philippines, Army Rangers liberated 513 prisoners of war three years after the Bataan Death March.