In the mid-twentieth century, the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis (the predecessor to today’s March of Dimes) pioneered a new approach to philanthropy, raising money a dime at a time from millions of small donors. The nonprofit enlisted poster children, celebrities, presidents, and other partners in their high-profile campaigns.
By 1954, the National Foundation was the nation’s leading health charity, capturing nearly half of all charitable donations to those causes. However, with 100,000 cases per year, polio was a smaller public health threat than tuberculosis, heart disease, cancer, cerebal palsy, or muscular dystrophy.
The influential musical pioneers from Appalachia whose recordings lifted spirits during the Great Depression.
In September 1959, Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev made an unprecedented visit to America, creating a media circus as he traveled from coast to coast.
Major Walter Reed's discovery in 1900 that mosquitoes spread yellow fever halted an outbreak and led to the disease's eventual eradication.
The world famous escape artist could escape from everything - except his own mortality.
After 18 years of struggles, the Golden Gate Bridge opened on May 27, 1937.
The Pennsylvania Railroad Company accomplished an enormous engineering feat, but destroyed a great architectural monument.
The American effort to relieve starvation in Soviet Russia in 1921 during the worst natural disaster in Europe in 500 years.
Clemente was an exceptional baseball player whose career sheds light on larger issues of immigration, civil rights and cultural change.