An outlaw with a deadly reputation, Billy the Kid was gunned down by an ambitious sheriff on July 14, 1881. The felling of one of the most notorious criminals of the age was instantly national news. First demonized by the lawman who killed him, the Kid was soon mythologized by a never-ending stream of dime store romances and big-screen dramas.
Intrepid journalist Nelly Bly went on a journey around the world breaking the record of Julius Verne's fictional character.
"The Wizard of Menlo Park," Inventor Thomas Edison, built the first practical light bulb and revolutionized the world.
The New Deal program CCC put three million young men to work in camps across America.
An African American minister whose dream of ending racism galvanized millions of Americans in the civil rights movement.
Head of the most powerful family in America, billionaire John D. Rockefeller's vast philanthropy changed his family's reputation.
Begun during the Civil War, the transcontinental railroad employed 20,000 men, mostly immigrants, who built the iron road with their bare hands.
The ultimate frontiersman, Carson inspired popular novels before being associated with the "Long Walk" of the Navajo people.
The young CBS reporter changed his pacifist ideals after reporting on the rise of fascism in Europe during World War II.