Led by physicist Robert Noyce, Fairchild Semiconductor began as a start-up company whose radical innovations would help make the United States a leader in both space exploration and the personal computer revolution, changing the way the world works, plays, and communicates. Noyce's invention of the microchip ultimately re-shaped the future, launching the world into the Information Age.
Silicon Valley premieres February 19 on PBS.
Franklin Roosevelt restored hope after the Great Depression and led the nation during World War II. Part of the award-winning Presidents collection.
Between 1854 and 1929 more than 100,000 abused or orphaned children were sent by train to the Midwest to begin new lives in foster families.
America's first great songwriter, Stephen Foster, wrote 200 songs but died a penniless alcoholic at 37.
Television game shows became an instant national phenomenon in 1955, but four years later contestant Charles van Doren admitted they were a scam.
The internationally famous carnival of delights in New York was the birthplace of the hot dog and the roller coaster.
The international race to develop biological weapons during the 20th century.
Of all the alphabet agencies of the New Deal, none captured the public's imagination like J. Edgar Hoover's FBI.
In 1934, American polar explorer Richard Byrd became the first to experience winter in Antarctica's interior.