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The American Experience

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    A Nor'easter strikes Boston on New Years Day, slowing down the loading of ships in the harbor. The city was caught off-guard because the Weather Bureau was closed for the holidays.

    The electric bus makes its debut along New York's Fifth Avenue. Bus fare was 5 cents.

    In Chicago, seven US cities agree to form the American Association of Baseball Clubs, which would later become known as the American League. The American League teams hailed from Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Chicago, Detroit, Milwaukee, and St. Louis.

    William J. Witt and Anna Waddilove of Jersey City, NJ are the first recorded married couple of 1900. Ceremony takes place at Liederkrantz Hall at one minute after midnight, January 1, 1900.

    Dry goods salesman, A.P. Hurst of New York tells the Indianapolis Journal that "the shirtwaist will be with us more than ever this summer. Women are wearing shirtwaists because they can be made to fit any form, and because they are mannish. Sleeves will be smaller, but not tight."

    The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad line tests "The Wind Splitter," which reaches speeds of over 102 mph.

    Carnegie Andrew Carnegie donates another $3.6 million to the Trustees of the Carnegie Library and Institute in Pittsburgh

    The Automobile Club of America hosts the US's first automobile race in New York. Nine cars raced along Merrick road on Long Island from Springfield to Babylon, twenty-five miles each way. A.L. Riker, driving an electric motorcar, was the winner, finishing in just over two hours.

    Labor unrest dominates the news as ironworkers in Cincinnati, tinners and sheet-metal workers in Kansas City, boilermakers in Akron, Ohio, and Italian blacksmiths in Croton Landing, New York go out on strike, sometimes turning violent.

    Baseball season gets under way as teams from the newly formed American League take to the field. Chicago, Kansas City, Minneapolis, Milwaukee, Detroit, Indianapolis, Cleveland, and Buffalo make up the charter cities with teams in the upstart league.

    James T. Caffery is the winner at the 4th running of the Boston Marathon. Caffery, of Hamilton, Ontario finishes with a winning time of 2:39:44.

    Admiral George Dewey announces from Washington, DC his willingness to serve as president "if the American people want me for this high office."

    In Washington, DC, the era of the horsecar comes to a close as the last horsecar makes its final run.

    In Washington, DC, heated debate in the US Senate over an anti-trust bill threatens to shut down the government. Elsewhere in DC, the Washington monument, featuring a seven-minute elevator ride, opens to tourists.

    Republicans convene in Philadelphia to nominate presidential and vice-presidential candidates. They choose William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt, respectively.

    Players from baseball's National League meet in New York to form The Protective Association of Professional Ball Players. Among other issues, players protest being farmed out to other teams against their will.

    Three-hundred and twenty-six steamship passengers and crew members are killed as fire destroys 3 steamships and piers in Hoboken, New Jersey.

    New York is the site of the Socialist Labor Party convention where Joseph P. Maloney of Massachusetts and Valentine Remmel of Pennsylvania are nominated for president and vice-president, respectively.

    The Prohibition Party chooses John G.Wooley of Illinois as their presidential candidate and Henry B. Metcalf of Rhode Island as their vice-presidential contender.

    The International Ladies' Garment Workers Union is founded by cloakmakers on New York's Lower East Side. The union represents 2,300 workers in New York, Newark, Philadelphia, and Baltimore.

    King Humbert I of Italy is assassinated at Monzo by silk weaver Gaetano Bresci, an avowed anarchist who had formerly lived in Paterson, New Jersey.

    Booker T Washington Booker T. Washington's National Negro Business League is formed in Boston, Massachusetts with the objective of stimulating African American businesses. Washington was elected the organization's first president.

    The death of a policeman, wounded in a scuffle with an African American, sets off racial violence in New York City. The New York Times reported that "every trolley car passing up or down Eight Avenue was stopped and every Negro on board was dragged out, and beaten." The uproar led to demands for investigations into police brutality in New York City.

    With a record of 82 wins and 54 losses, the Brooklyn Dodgers capture the National League pennant.

    Coal miners, led by John Mitchell, stage a massive strike in Shenandoah, Pennsylvania

    Authorities in New York report an increase in the number of cocaine users.

    The 2,500-seat Symphony Hall opens in Boston. The facility was designed by McKim, Mead and White of New York at a cost of $750,000. Attendees at the inaugural performance enjoyed a performance of a chorale by J.S. Bach and Beethoven's Solemn Mass in D.

    Tragedies on the football gridiron occur in Lowell, Massachusetts and Chicago, Illinois. In Lowell, 18 year-old Louis Gilmore is killed during the annual Thanksgiving Day game, while 16 year-old William Bartlett of Chicago dies during a neighborhood contest. Both boys succumbed to injuries to the spine.

    The first concert of the Philadelphia Orchestra, made up of the city's residents, is performed at the Academy of Music.

    Thirty-one exhibitors attend the first US national automobile show at New York's Madison Square Garden.

    The marriage of Louisa Pierpont Morgan, daughter of J.P. Morgan, to Captain Herbert Satterlee, in New York City is the social event of the season as fifteen hundred invitations are sent out.

    The annual football contest between rivals Harvard and Yale, played at Yale Stadium in New Haven, Connecticut, finishes with Yale on the winning end of 28-0 score despite the hard-fought efforts of the Crimson, led by quarterback and team captain Charles Dan Daly. Yale would go on to win that season's Collegiate Football National Championship with a record of 12 wins and no defeats.

    Sapho On Broadway, Olga Nethersole's play "Sapho" sparks a major controversy that leads to an indecency trial.

    New York City's Park Row building is now, at 32 stories, the world's tallest building. Meanwhile, final contracts are signed to begin construction of the city's first subway system.

    A New York Tribune editorial criticizes the lack of consideration shown pedestrians by the city's automobile drivers: "He (the driver) considered his responsibility fully discharged by the ringing of the gong."

    Thirty-two miners are trapped underground after a mine collapses in Dunsmore, Pennsylvania. Just over two hours after the collapse all 32 men emerge, bloodied, but alive.

    John Fitzgerald of Boston and George White of North Carolina announce the end of their respective congressional careers.

    Washington, DC, celebrates its 100th anniversary.

    The Colored Men's Branch of the YMCA, founded by Baptist pastor Charles Thomas, opens in New York City. The branch is accepted by the YMCA as a regular branch.

    Boston's last horse drawn trolley car is replaced by a twelve-passenger electric bus.

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