People & Events|
Susan B. Anthony
The daughter of Quaker abolitionists, Susan Brownell Anthony (1820-1906) left her teaching career in 1849 to join her family's work in the abolition and temperance movements. In 1851, Anthony met Elizabeth Cady Stanton, co-organizer of the 1848 Seneca Falls, NY women's rights convention, and joined forces with her to promote the women's movement, temperance, and abolition. The following year, Anthony formed the first temperance group organized by and for women after an existing temperance organization refused women equal rights in the movement. Anthony's work resulted in passage of the 1860 Married Women's Property Act in New York, which became a model for women's property laws in other states. The antislavery movement took all of Anthony's energies during the Civil War, but she returned to the question of women's suffrage after the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments granted equal rights to African Americans and voting rights to all citizens, but not to women. She formed the Women's Suffrage Association in 1869 and was arrested in 1872 along with 12 other women for voting in the presidential election. Although a constitutional amendment granting voting rights to women was presented to Congress each year from 1878, women's suffrage did not become a reality until 14 years after Anthony's death.