People & Events|
The Boxer Rebellion
With the secret encouragement of Dowager Empress Tz'u Hsi, the Boxers initiated a campaign of murder, beginning with Chinese Christians and eventually targeting foreigners. In June, the German, British, Austrian, Dutch, Belgian, and Italian legations in Peking were seized as the Boxers stormed the city shouting, "Kill, kill-death to the foreigners!" The United States, already enmeshed in a bloody conflict in the Philippines, joined France, Germany, Austria, Italy, Russia, Japan, and Great Britain in sending troops to China. By mid-August the international coalition had succeeded in driving the Boxers out of Peking. As punishment for the actions of the Boxers, the Chinese government was ordered to pay $333 million to, and further expand the trade privileges of, the nations who defeated them.