January 2: The Japanese begin to occupy Manila.
February 8-9: Philippine president Manuel Quezon proposes that America grant independence to the Philippines and that the Philippines surrender, assuming neutral country status. President Franklin Roosevelt rejects this proposal.
March: Under orders from President Roosevelt, MacArthur leaves the Philippines for Australia. President Quezon has already left.
April 3: Japan launches its final offensive on Bataan.
April 9: General Edward King surrenders Bataan.
April 10: The sixty-five mile death march from Mariveles, Bataan to San Fernando, Pampanga begins. Hundreds of Americans and thousands of Filipinos die from starvation, thirst, disease and random execution throughout the six- to nine-day trek.
Prisoners are interned at Camp O'Donnell. In the first two months, 1500 U.S. POWs and 15,000 Filipino POWs perish from starvation, disease and abuse.
6: American general Jonathan Wainwright surrenders Corregidor to the Japanese.
June: Filipino POWs are paroled from Camp O'Donnell; many join guerrilla forces to fight the Japanese. American POWs are transferred from Camp O'Donnell to Cabanatuan -- the largest POW camp in the Philippines and the largest U.S. POW camp on foreign ground. An estimated 9,000 American soldiers will pass through Cabanatuan. In the month of June 1942 alone, 503 POWs die in Cabanatuan.
July: 786 POWs die in Cabanatuan.
October 1: The first Hell Ship leaves the Philippines. The Japanese use unmarked tankers through the duration of the war to transport POWs to slave labor camps in Asia. Conditions are inhuman; thousands of men die.
October: Club Tsubaki opens. Club owner Claire Phillips, a suburban housewife from Portland, Oregon, goes undercover and is able to discover information on Japanese activities, which she supplies to local guerrillas.
December 15: The first day without death in Cabanatuan.