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Report from the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal for the Calendar Year 1997 Showing the Number of Claims for Various Medical Conditions

In June 1983, the United States and the Marshall Islands entered into a formal agreement in which the U.S. recognized the contributions and sacrifices made by the Marshallese as a result of the Nuclear Testing Program. The Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal was established in 1988 to grant compensation for personal injury deemed to have been caused by the testing.

As of December 31, 1997 $63,127,000 had been awarded to or on behalf of 1,549 people.


Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal
Summary Of Presumed Medical Conditions Regulations

ATTACHMENT 1

Pursuant to 23(13) of the Marshall Islands Nuclear Claims Tribunal Act 1987, as amended, the Tribunal adopted regulations in August 1991 establishing a list of 25 medical conditions which are irrebuttably presumed to be the result of the Nuclear Testing Program. Those regulations were amended by the Tribunal and approved by the Cabinet of the Republic of the Marshall Islands in January 1944 to add two additional conditions (numbers 26 and 27 below) to the presumed list. Effective October 1, 1996, the regulations were again amended by the Tribunal and approved by the Cabinet to include seven additional conditions (number 28-34 below).

For eligible claimants, the administratively presumed medical conditions and the amounts of compensation for each that will be paid in pro rata annual payments are as follows:

    1. Leukemia (other than chronic lymphocytic leukemia).....$125,000
    2. Cancer of the thyroid
    a. if recurrent or requires multiple surgical and/or ablation............................................$75,000
    b. if non-recurrent or does not require multiple treatment...........................................$50,000
    3. Cancer of the breast
    a. if recurrent or requires mastectomy................$100,000
    b. if not recurrent or requires lumpectomy............ $75,000
    4. Cancer of the pharynx.................................$100,000
    5. Cancer of the esophagus...............................$125,000
    6. Cancer of the stomach.................................$125,000
    7. Cancer of the small intestine.........................$125,000
    8. Cancer of the pancreas................................$125,000
    9. Multiple myeloma......................................$125,000
    10. Lymphomas (except Hodgkins's disease).................$100,000
    11. Cancer of the bile ducts..............................$125,000
    12. Cancer of the gall bladder............................$125,000
    13. Cancer of the liver (except cirrhosis or hepatitis B is indicated).......................................$125,000
    14. Cancer of the colon....................................$75,000
    15. Cancer of the urinary bladder..........................$75,000
    16. Tumors of the salivary gland
    a. if malignant........................................$50,000
    b. if benign and requiring surgery.....................$37,500
    c. if benign and not requiring surgery.................$12,500
    17. Non-malignant thyroid nodular disease (unless limited to occult nodules)
    a.if requiring total thyroidectomy.....................$50,000
    b.if requiring partial thyroidectomy...................$37,500
    c.if not requiring thyroidectomy.......................$12,500
    18.Cancer of the ovary....................................$125,000
    19.Unexplained hypothyroidism (unless thyroiditis indicated
    .......................................................$37,500
    20.Severe growth retardation due to thyroid damage........$100,000
    21.Unexplained bone marrow failure........................$125,000
    22.Meningioma.............................................$100,000
    23. Radiation sickness diagnosed between June 30, 1946 and August 18, 1958, inclusive.....................$12,500
    24. Beta burns diagnosed between June 20, 1946 and August 18, 1958, inclusive..........................$12,500
    25.Severe mental retardation (provided born between May and September 1954, inclusive,and mother was present on Rongelap or Utirik Atolls at any time in March 1954)..........$100,000
    26.Unexplained hyperparathyroidism.........................$12,500
    27. Tumors of the parathyroid gland
    a. ifmalignant.........................................$50,000
    b.if benign and requiring surgery......................$37,500
    c.if benign and not requiring surgery..................$12,500
    28. Bronchial cancer (including cancer of the lung and pulmonarysystem)...................................$37,500
    29.Cancer of the brain....................................$125,000
    30.Cancer of the central nervous system...................$125,000
    31.Cancer of the kidney....................................$75,000
    32.Cancer of the rectum....................................$75,000
    33.Cancer of the cecum.....................................$75,000
    34. Non-melanoma skin cancer in individuals who were diagnosed as having suffered beta burns under number 24 above..................................$37,000
The regulations adopted by the Tribunal also provide a mechanism and set out applicable standards for (1) the consideration of non-presumed conditions for compensation in individual cases; (2) the periodic standards for (1) the consideration of non-presumed conditions for compensation in individual cases; (2) the periodic evaluation of possible modifications to the list of presumed conditions; (3) the assignment of compensation levels to non-presumed or future presumed medical conditions; and (4) adjustments to the amounts of compensation based on a claimant's age and prognosis.

Source: Nuclear Claims Tribunal, Republic of the Marshall Islands.

To review or obtain copies of the regulations, contact Cathlina J. deBrum, Clerk of the Tribunal, P.O. Box 702, Majuro, MH 96960; telephone (692)625-3396; facsimile (692)625-3389; e-mail nctmaj@ntamar.com.

To find out more about the Nuclear Claims Tribunal visit their Web site at www.tribunal-mh.org.

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