People & Events|
President Dwight Eisenhower (1890-1969)
The 34th President of the United States, Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower served two terms in office from 1953 -1961. The former World War II general had led a distinguished military career, commanding the Allied landing in North Africa in November 1942; and acting as the Supreme Commander on D-Day, 1944, when the Allied troops occupied France. Eisenhower won a sweeping victory in the 1952 Presidential elections with the slogan "I like Ike." One of the first things that the former military leader did upon assuming office was to re-evaluate the nation's defense strategy. His "New Look" policy proposed heavy reliance on nuclear weapons. In Eisenhower's view these weapons promised national security at an affordable price. However, by the mid-1950s, once both the U.S. and the U.S.S.R. began stockpiling hydrogen bombs, Eisenhower's thinking about the feasibility of fighting a nuclear war shifted dramatically. At a National Security Council meeting in 1960 Eisenhower said: "Our imagination could not encompass the situation which would result from an attack on this country involving the explosion of 2,000 megatons....War no longer has any logic whatsoever."