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Livermore


After the Soviet Union tested its first atomic device in August 1949, several U.S. nuclear physicists, including Edward Teller, argued that the country needed a second nuclear weapons laboratory. Ernest Lawrence, the founder of the University of California's Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley, agreed with Teller and suggested that the new facility should be established in Livermore, California. In September 1952 the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was set up on the grounds of a former naval air station, with the 32-year-old Herbert York as its first director.
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